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Resistance of Friction Connections with Open Slotted Holes in Towers for Wind Turbines
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The most common solutions for in-situ connections of steel tubular towersegments of onshore wind turbines are ring flange connections. These havecertain drawbacks, such as e.g. costly production, long delivery time and ratherlow fatigue endurance. Friction connections with long open slotted holes havepreviously been proven to be a competitive alternative. In this work, the newtype of connection is investigated in various scales: segment tests, down-scaledexperiments and full-scale models. The influence of tower cross-section shape,execution tolerance (horizontal gap between the tower segments) and length ofthe connection on the bending resistance is thoroughly studied. In addition,buckling behaviour of the shell in the vicinity of the friction connection intowers with circular and polygonal cross-sections is analysed in order to checkpossible advantages of either cross-section. The influence of two types of theexecution tolerances on the connection strength is investigated: inwards bent“fingers”, leading to inclined gaps, and a parallel gap created by differentdiameters of the tower segments. Based on validated finite element analysesrecommendations for execution tolerances are proposed.A closer look is taken at the level of bolt forces under load application for thenew friction connections as well as for the ring flange connection. For theformer case, the influence of slotted holes on the joint resistance is checked.For both types of connections, comparison is drawn to hand calculation modelsused in engineering practice. Additionally, the distribution of meridionalstresses in the shell in the vicinity of the connection is studied.Based on the findings from the above described investigations,recommendations for the design of friction connections with open slotted holesin steel tubular towers for onshore wind turbines are given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Research subject
Steel Structures
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18533Local ID: 90da20d2-14ab-4cf8-aee6-fbc1b4b39708ISBN: 978-91-7583-151-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7583-152-7 (electronic)OAI: diva2:991542
Godkänd; 2014; 20141011 (chrott); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Christine Heistermann Ämne: Stålbyggnad/Steel Structures Avhandling: Resistance of Friction Connections with Open Slotted Holes in Towers for Wind Turbines Opponent: Professor Peter Schaumann, Institut für Stahlbau, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Tyskland Ordförande: Professor Milan Veljkovic, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Torsdag den 18 december 2014, kl 10,00 Plats: F531, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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