Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Outsourcing and knowledge integration in new product development
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Industrial Organisation.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with two aspects of knowledge needed for new product development in firms; the access to external knowledge through outsourcing of NPD and the integration of knowledge developed when outsourcing activities in the NPD process. As modern products competing on increasingly international markets call for both complex and specialized knowledge, it is becoming more important to take an outward perspective of knowledge, searching for external knowledge sources, in order to be competitive. But it is also important for the firm to take an inward perspective on integration of the knowledge achieved from external sources in order to secure the knowledge gained.Outsourcing of New Product Development (NPD) refers to the outsourcing of activities for developing new products (goods and/or service), where all or the innovative part of the NPD process is purchased externally according to a contract from organizational units separate from the outsourcing firm. This means that the service to develop a whole or a part of a new product is outsourced. This definition implies that (A) the outsourced activity shall be an innovative (strongly contributing to the newness) part of the NPD process, (B) the outsourced activity was previously conducted internally, and (C) the activity shall be purchased and regulated in a contractual agreement between the organizations.Knowledge integration refers to the process of acquiring, sharing, and making use of knowledge by combining it with previous knowledge in order to create new value. Because knowledge possessed in collaborating firms is often complementary, it is important to combine it with previous knowledge in the firm. Therefore knowledge integration is chosen throughout the thesis as the term for the overall process.Based on transaction costs theory, resource based and knowledge based perspectives two major issues are investigated. First, the identification of which factors are the most important for firms when making the decision to outsource activities in the NPD process. Second, the establishment of the importance for knowledge integration of external knowledge in the firm, and to find what role level of involvement plays for efficiently achieving knowledge integration.The thesis is a compilation thesis (with six appended papers) based on findings from three quantitative studies and a longitudinal case study (presented in two of the appended papers). Using cases from and samples of medium-sized manufacturing firms with in-house NPD, it was found that while cost has been traditionally considered the most important factor for outsourcing in general, search for external knowledge is found to have a greater importance when intangible processes as NPD is object for outsourcing. It is also found that integration of thematic knowledge (product specific) is the most important type of knowledge to efficiently integrate to achieve high innovation performance and that a higher degree of involvement support knowledge integration when outsourcing activities in the NPD process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2009. , 100 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18465Local ID: 8be33960-c3a8-11de-b769-000ea68e967bISBN: 978-91-7439-036-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-18465DiVA: diva2:991474
Note
Godkänd; 2009; 20091028 (ysko); DISPUTATION Ämnesområde: Industriell organisation/Industrial Organisation Opponent: Docent Matti Kaulio, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm Ordförande: Professor Sven Åke Hörte, Högskolan i Halmstad Tid: Fredag den 11 december 2009, kl 12.30 Plats: A 117, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2880 kB)9 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2880 kBChecksum SHA-512
14774a0d692f66f4ca37c7b5a54b8a37be701ce8e3940e25e34707a30a56c7153b2a1726fe558fa7589af50a7edb5b8e929ee756f345b807cfb4c7d00c1e87bf
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rundquist, Jonas
By organisation
Industrial Organisation

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 9 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 24 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link