Geophysical investigation for 3D geological modelling and ore exploration in the Skellefte mining district
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The Skellefte mining district, northern Sweden, is regarded as one of the country’s richest mineral districts. Most of the outcropping deposits in this district or those deposits which are located at shallow depths (≤ 300 m) are likely to have already been discovered, which motivated the Swedish mining companies to expand their explorations at greater depths (e.g. ~5 km depth). Whereas previous explorations conducted in the central Skellefte district (CSD) contributed extensively to unveil VMS deposits, a comprehensive 3 and 4-dimensional geological model for ore exploration was lacking. The main aim of this study is thus to constrain and delineate geological structures at depth, using geophysical data for exploration of VMS deposits and create a well-constrained 3D geological model of the Skellefte district, northern Sweden. This is done in the framework of the project titled “4D-modeling of the mineral belts”. The deposits are volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) and the major deposits in the CSD contain commodities: Zn-Cu-Au-Ag and Pb. The deposits are generally characterized by higher magnetic susceptibility, density, chargeability and conductivity than many other rocks. This study thus includes magnetic, gravity and resistivity methods as main geophysical methods used. The results of seismic reflection data are integrated for joint geophysical interpretations and physical properties of the rocks, including density, magnetic susceptibility, resistivity and chargeability, have been measured.The thesis includes four studies: (i) local-scale study of the CSD using potential field, resistivity and induced polarization (IP) data, (ii) regional-scale potential field modeling to test seismic interpretations and improve the modeling of geological structures, (iii) understanding the geometry of the three early-orogenic intrusive bodies in the Holmträsk domain using potential field data, (iv) targeting VMS deposits using 2D and 3D resistivity/IP data in the CSD.Potential field modeling along three profiles where seismic data were previously acquired validated the interpretation of several key geological contacts indicated by seismic reflectors, and helped to delineate the geometry of the lithological units within the study area. The shallow and deep resistivity/IP investigation (down to ~2.2 km depth) proposed new possibilities for locating VMS deposits, and revealed a deeper image of the Vargfors basin. A good knowledge of the geometry of the Vargfors basin is crucial for exploration of the sulphide ores, which are believed to have formed along the bottom parts of the basin and upper parts of the underlying Skellefte Group rocks. The Maurliden deposits could be characterized by 3D resistivity/IP data and based on their geophysical signature several new targets for potential VMS deposits were identified.The results of joint geophysical and geological inter¬pretation presented in this study may be applied as a guide for future explorations in the CSD, e.g. when planning for, or expanding geo-physical surveys, creating detailed 3D geological models for exploration, and determining potential drilling locations. This reduces the exploration cost and increases the possibility for successful explorations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2012.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Research subject Applied Geophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17513Local ID: 3c413e40-d6f3-4bb5-9c97-4d840a6ede71ISBN: 978-91-7439-528-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-17513DiVA: diva2:990518
Godkänd; 2012; 20121108 (samtav); DISPUTATION Ämne: Tillämpad geofysik/Applied Geophysics Opponent: Doctor Thorkild Rasmussen, Geological survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark Ordförande: Professor Sten-Åke Elming, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Fredag den 14 december 2012, kl 10.00 Plats: E632, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved