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Homecare and technology: old dreams - new means?
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

To meet the demands and to maintain an acceptable level of services in health and homecare, implementation and use of ICT as support for caring work, are increasing. The assumption is that technology will give rise to a large number of improvements, such as effectiveness and ability to follow up and evaluate the performance of the services provided. Representatives from government and municipalities also assume that use of technology will attract young people, raise the status and improve the whole work situation within homecare. However, people working in this area are seldom consulted when development and implementation of ICT into their work practices take place. Given the assumptions of participatory design principles that have in¬fluenced Scandinavian research and design work, this is surprising. To address this shortcoming, this thesis takes the perspective of the care assistants. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the expectations, needs, dreams, and no¬tions, care assistants have on/about ICT and homecare work. I pose five re¬search questions which will help me to understand and bring insight into those issues. To bring forward care assistants’ expectations and needs, I have conducted focus group interviews with personnel working at a care resource centre in the north of Sweden. Additionally, I have studied legislations, strategies and official authority reports regarding social service in health care and homecare. My research is based on the qualitative, interpretivistic and hermeneutic ap¬proaches. The gathered data has been analysed using three different methods: content analysis, Critical Systems Heuristics and the cyborg approach. The findings from each analysis complement each other and support different re¬search questions. The conclusions point to contradictions and ambivalence and are as follows: Care assistants experienced that they have no influence over the purchase, development or implementation of ICT into their work. At the same time, care assistants were not able to express their needs when it comes to ICT, and responded with silence. However, when they discussed their concrete work and work tasks they could very well express their needs in relation to tech¬nologies. They wished for improved functions in existing technologies and improvement in organisational issues surrounding technology. I also found that care assistants’ dreams and expectations on/about ICT were always ex¬pressed from the clients’ perspective. This is the prevailing discourse of care and their own dreams and expectations came second. Care assistants do not believe that implementation of new technology will raise the status of their work. They emphasised increased salaries and better working conditions as a way to raise the status. They also believed that the profession needs more men in order to raise the status. On the other hand, they do not think that implementation of new technologies will attract young people, not least men, to work in care and nursing areas. Care assistants do not share the positive assumptions that representatives from government and municipalities express in regard to technology. Still, they will accept the technology when it arrives and their strategy is to deal with the problems as they occur. Assumptions and solutions of public representa¬tives are created in the discourse of technology, while the assumptions and solutions of care assistants are created in and through the discourse of care. In the “fight” of representations of realities between a dominating and a com¬peting discourse, we are perhaps witnessing what is, in effect, a revival of old and new dreams - old dreams of offering citizens welfare in terms of care and services; and new dreams, of developing and implementing new technologies in order to recruit personnel

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2005. , 52 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757 ; 2005:27
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17181Local ID: 2112a3c0-6f53-11db-962b-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:990180
Godkänd; 2005; 20060928 (evan)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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