Ultra high-pressure compaction of powder
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Sintering at high-pressure improves the properties of the material, either through new sintering aids becoming available or through improving intergranular bonding. This gives the manufactured products potential advantages like faster cut rates, and more precise and cleaner production methods that add up to cost efficiency and competitive edge. The production of synthetic diamond products demands tooling that can achieve high pressures and deliver it with a high degree of certainty. The common denominator for almost all high-pressure systems is to use capsules where a powder material encloses the core material. Numerical analysis of manufacturing processes with working conditions that reach ultra high pressure (above 10 GPa) requires a constitutive model that can handle the specific behaviours of the powder from a low density to solid state. The work in this thesis deals with characterization and simulation of the material behaviour during high-pressure compaction in powder pressing. Some of the work was focused on investigating the material when used as compressible gasket in high-pressure systems. The aim was to increase the knowledge of the high-pressure pressing process. This includes a better understanding of how mean stress develops in the compact during pressing and an insight into the development material models concerning highpressure materials. Both experimental and numerical investigations were made to gain knowledge in these fields. The mechanical behaviour of a CaCO3 powder mix was investigated using the Brazilian disc test, uniaxial compression testing and closed die experiments. The aim of the experimental work was to provide a foundation for numerical simulation of CaCO3 powder compaction at higher pressures. Friction measurements of the powder were also conducted. From the experimental investigations, density dependent material parameters were found. An elasto-plastic Cap model was developed for ultra high-pressure powder pressing. To improve the material model, density dependent constitutive parameters were included. The model was implemented as a user-defined material subroutine in a nonlinear finite element program. The model was validated against pressure measurements using phase transitions of Bismuth. The measurements were conducted in a Bridgman anvil apparatus. The simulations showed that thin discs with small radial extrusion generate a plateau at a low-pressure level, while thick discs with large radial extrusion generate a pressure peak at a high-pressure level. The results showed that FE-results can be used to engineer pressure peaks needed to seal HPHT-systems. For compressible gaskets, it was found that diametral support increases the phase transformation load. Higher initial density of the powder compact and diametral support generate higher pressure per unit thickness. The results from the validation using pressure measurements showed that the simulation model was indeed capable of reproducing load–thickness curves and pressure profiles, up to 9 GPa, close to the experimental curves.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Research subject Solid Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16908Local ID: 09cc3472-02a3-49b9-82f5-a08b49f2817cISBN: 978-91-7439-346-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-16908DiVA: diva2:989895
Godkänd; 2011; 20111020 (bersve); DISPUTATION Ämnesområde: Hållfasthetslära/Solid Mechanics Opponent: Professor Javier Oliver, Dept of Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis, Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, Ordförande: Bitr professor Pär Jonsén, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Torsdag den 15 december 2011, kl 09.00 Plats: E246, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved