Thermal non-coking coal preparation by triboelectric dry process
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Coal is the single largest fossil fuel used world-wide and accounts for more than 60% of the total commercial energy consumed. Between 60 to 80% of this coal is used for electric power generation and most of which through a system of pulverised coal combustion. Major portion of the coal used for such power generation is not clean enough to maintain environmental standards. This problem is attributed to high sulphur content in coal used in most of the western countries or ash as is the case in countries like India. In India at present nearly 200 million tonnes per year of coal is used for power generation and the average ash in coals used is invariably above 40%. A substantial portion of ash is liberated as it enters the boiler from the mill. It is crucial to reduce the amount of ash going from the mill to the boilers not only to improve the performance of power generation and increase the life of the boilers but also became mandatory due to environmental regulations. Thus the main objective of the work is to develop a dry tribo-electrostatic process for the separation of ash forming inorganic matter from coal material with a thorough understanding of the response and behaviour of coal and non-coal matters to contact electrification and in electric field. This work is financially supported by the Department for Research Cooperation of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). The literature on dry coal preparation processes has been reviewed and the advantages of triboelectric process compared to other processes have been highlighted and further research needs to make it a viable industrial technology are outlined. Three Indian coal samples from three different major coal fields, i.e., Ramagundam, Ib-valley and Talcher, have been collected and characterised for macerals and mineral composition by microscopic and XRD analyses. The beneficiation potential at different size fractions of the coal samples is judged by the washability studies. The charge polarity and magnitude of pure quartz, kaolinite, illite and carbon after contact electrification with different tribo-charging media have been measured by Faraday cup method using Keithley electrometer. The predicted work functions of the tribo charging material and mineral phases agree closely with the reported values. The electron accepting and donating (acid-base) property of mineral phases determined by Krüss Tensiometer through polar and non-polar liquid contact angles on solids also corroborated the acquired charge polarity in contact electrification with copper, aluminium and brass materials underlying their work functions. This methodology is being applied for the choice of organic acidic/basic solvents treatment of coal material to enlarge the difference in work functions between the tribo-charger and mineral phases, and to achieve greater separation efficiency of inorganic matter from coal. The coal samples have been tested for the separation between coal and non-coal matters in a laboratory in-house built tribo electric separator and the influence of equipment and process variables have been evaluated. The results showed that the ash content was reduced from 45% to about 18%, and a clean coal product as judged by the washability studies can be obtained.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2006. , 41 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757 ; 2006:54
Research subject Mineral Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16868Local ID: 05dace90-a0a7-11db-8975-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-16868DiVA: diva2:989855
Godkänd; 2006; 20070110 (haneit)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved