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Environmental assessment of bottom ash pre-treated with zero valent iron
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Bottom ash has similar properties as crushed rocks and gravel, andcould replace some of the 40 million tonnesof virgin material used for road constructions each year.However, results presented in the literature indicate thatthe leaching of e.g. Cr, Cu, Mo, Pb and Zn can cause athreat to the sur rounding environment if the materialis used as it is. A common pre-treatment method is carbonation, whichwill reduce the pH and thereby decrease the leaching of several metals. This treatment is however not always enough, so alternative methods areneeded. One possibility could be to increase the number of sorption sites for the metals. The importance of iron oxides as sorption sits for metals isknown from both mineralogical studies of bottom ash as well as from theremediation of contaminated soil, where iron is used as an amendment.Zero valent iron (Fe 0) was therefore added prior to accelerated agingin order to increase the number of adsorption sites for metals and thereby improving the leaching quality. The performed leaching tests showed that theaddition of Fe 0 prior to accelerated aging improved the quality of the leachate compared with untreated bottom ash. There was also a significant de crease of Cu, Cr, Mo and Zn from bottom ash treated with Fe0 prior to accelerated aging com pared with bottom ash submitted to only accelerated aging. In order to make an environmental assessment of the bottom ash pretreated with Fe 0 prior to accelerated aginggeochemical modeling was performed using different pH and redox potentialsin order to simulate variations in the environment.The results in dicated that the leaching of Cr, Cr, Mo and Pb would not cause harm to the environment.Zn, however, was affected by changes in pH and leached in harmful aounts at pH values velow 6 and above 10.There are reasons to question the results from the geochemical modellingsince the results from pH-stat tests showedthat several elements leached at potentially harmful levelsat several of the tested pH. To fully evaluate the effect of addition of Fe0should the mineralogy of the pretreated bottom ash be evaluated further, in order to see what forms iron oxides are pre sent and if other metals are associated with them. However, in order to improve the quality of bottom ash,focus should be directed torwards what type of wastes that areincinerated and on the incineration process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16832Local ID: 0366bec1-d63d-4e0e-a4c4-f59bf1a34f7fISBN: 978-91-7583-157-2ISBN: 978-91-7583-158-9 (PDF)OAI: diva2:989819
Godkänd; 2014; 20141110 (mirnil); Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av teknologie licentiatexamen. Namn: Mirja Nilsson Ämne: Avfallsteknik/Waste Science and Technology Uppsats: Environmental Assessment of Bottom Ash Pre-Treated with Zero Valent Iron Examinator: Professor Anders Lagerkvist, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Tekn Dr Josef Mácsik, Ecoloop, Stockholm Tid: Onsdag den 17 december 2014 kl 13,00 Plats: Rum F1030, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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