Restraint in structures with young concrete: Tools and estimations for practical use
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
One of the widespread issues in concrete structures is cracks occurring at early age. Cracks that appear in the young concrete may cause early start of corrosion of rebars or early penetration of harmful liquids or gases into the concrete body. These situations could result in reduced service life and in significantly increased maintenance cost of structures. Therefore it is important for construction companies to avoid these cracks. Restraint represents one of the main sources of thermal and shrinkage stresses at early age concrete. Paper I, deals with both the compensation plane method, CPM, and local restraint method, LRM, as alternative methods studying crack risks for early age concrete. It is shown that CPM can be used both for cooling and heating, but basic LRM cannot be applied to heating. This paper presents an improved equivalent restraint method, ERM, which easily can be applied both for usage of heating and cooling for general structures. Restraint curves are given for two different infrastructures, one founded on frictional materials and another on rock. Such curves might be directly applied in design using LRM and ERM.In Paper II, existing restraint curves have been applied to the method of artificial neural networks (ANN) to model restraint in the wall for the typical structure wall-on-slab. It has been proven that ANN is capable of modeling the restraint with good accuracy. The usage of the neural network has been demonstrated to give a clear picture of the relative importance of the input parameters. Further, it is shown that the results from the neural network can be represented by a series of basic weight and response functions. Thus, the results can easily be made available to any engineer without use of complicated software.Paper III, discusses the influence of five casting sequences for the typical structure slab-on-ground. The aim is to map restraints from adjacent structures for a number of possible casting sequences, and to identify the sequence with the lowest restraint. The paper covers both continuous and jumped casting sequences, which include one, two and three contact edges. The result shows that the best casting sequence is the continuous technique with one contact edge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014. , 106 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Research subject Structural Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16816Local ID: 028c9586-d47e-4e26-9b00-e6f74242891cISBN: 978-91-7439-976-9ISBN: 978-91-7439-977-6 (PDF)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-16816DiVA: diva2:989803
Godkänd; 2014; 20140623 (majali); Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av teknologie licentiatexamen. Namn: Majid Al-Gburi Ämne: Konstruktionsteknik/Structural Engineering Uppsats: Restraint in Structures with Young Concrete - Tools and Estimations for Practical Use Examinator: Professor Jan-Erik Jonasson, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Ph.D, Consulting Engineer Carsten Vogt, Projektengagemang, Anläggningsunderhåll, Stockholm Tid: Måndag den 1 september 2014 kl 10.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved