Józef Marcinkiewicz's (1910–1940) name is not known by many people, except maybe a small group of mathematicians, although his influence on the analysis and probability theory of the twentieth century was enormous. This survey of his life and work is in honour of the 100 th anniversary of his birth and 70 th anniversary of his death. The discussion is divided into two periods of Marcinkiewicz's life. First, 1910–1933, that is, from his birth to his graduation from the University of Stefan Batory in Vilnius, and for the period 1933–1940, when he achieved scientific titles, was working at the university, did his army services and was staying abroad. Part 3 contains a list of different activities to celebrate the memory of Marcinkiewicz. In part 4, scientific achievements in mathematics, including the results associated with his name, are discussed. Marcinkiewicz worked in functional analysis, probability, theory of real and complex functions, trigonometric series, Fourier series, orthogonal series and approximation theory. He wrote 55 scientific papers in six years (1933–1939). Marcinkiewicz's name in mathematics is connected with the Marcinkiewicz interpolation theorem, Marcinkiewicz spaces, the Marcinkiewicz integral and function, Marcinkiewicz–Zygmund inequalities, the Marcinkiewicz–Zygmund strong law of large numbers, the Marcinkiewicz multiplier theorem, the Marcinkiewicz–Salem conjecture, the Marcinkiewicz theorem on the characteristic function and the Marcinkiewicz theorem on the Perron integral. Books and papers containing Marcinkiewicz's mathematical results are cited in part 4 just after the discussion of his mathematical achievements. The work ends with a full list of Marcinkiewicz's scientific papers and a list of articles devoted to him.
2011. Vol. 95, 133-234 p.