Off-gas dust in an experimental blast furnace: Part 1: Characterization of flue dust, sludge and shaft fines
2010 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, E-ISSN 1347-5460, Vol. 50, no 11, 1560-1569 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In blast furnace (BF) ironmaking, efforts are made to decrease coke consumption, which can be done by increasing the pulverized coal injection rate (PCR). This will cause changes in in-furnace reduction conditions, burden distribution, demands on raw material strength, etc. In order to maintain stable operation, but also to obtain low amounts of material losses through the off-gas, it is important to understand fines generation and behaviour in the BF. Off-gas dust and shaft fines generated in the LKAB Experimental Blast Furnace (EBF) were sampled during operation with olivine pellets and mixtures of acid pellets and sinter as iron-bearing materials. Characterization using XRD, SEM and LOM was focused on fines from iron-bearing materials, coke and slag formers. The results showed that flue dust, mainly <0.5 mm, was mechanically formed and created in the same manner for all investigated samples. Carbon-containing particles dominated in the fractions >0.075 mm and consisted mainly of coke particles from the shaft. Fe-containing particles, as Fe2O3 from the top of the shaft, formed the major part of flue dust fractions <0.063 mm. Particles from slag formers such as quartzite and limestone were observed in flue dust when slag formers were utilized in the feed. Sludge consisted mainly of chemically formed spherical particles <1 μm precipitated from the ascending gas as the temperature decreased.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 50, no 11, 1560-1569 p.
Research subject Process Metallurgy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15035Local ID: e7e935a0-0819-11e0-b767-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-15035DiVA: diva2:988008
Validerad; 2010; 20101215 (lunmar)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved