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Model-Based Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Isaac River Catchment, Queensland
School of Engineering & Technology, Central Queensland University, Melbourne.
School of Engineering & Technology, Central Queensland University, Melbourne.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
2016 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 8, no 7, 460-470 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Isaac River catchment, which is located within Fitzroy basin in Central Queensland, Australia is mostly a semi-arid region, sparsely populated, but rife with economic activities such as mining, grazing, cropping and production forestry. Hydro-meteorological data over the past several decades reveal that the catchment is experiencing increasing variability in precipitation and streamflow contributing to more severe droughts and floods supposedly due to climate change. The exposure of the economic activities in the catchment to the vagaries of nature and the possible impacts of climate change on the stream flow regime are to be analyzed. For the purpose, SWAT model was adopted to capture the dynamics of the catchment. During calibration of the model 12parameters were found to be significant which yielded a R2 value of 0.73 for calibration and 0.66 for validation. In the next stage, six GCMs from CMIP3 namely, CGCM3.1/T47, CNRM-CM3, GFDLCM2.1, IPSLCM4, MIROC3.2 (medres) and MRI CGCM2.3.2 were selected for climate change projections in the Fitzroy basin under a very high emissions scenario (A2), a medium emissions scenario(A1B) and a low emissions scenario (B1) for two future periods (2046-2064) and (2080-2100). All GCMs showed consistent increases in temperature, and as expected, highest rate for A2 and lowest rate for B1. Precipitation predictions were mixed-reductions in A2 and increases in A1B and B1, and more variations in distant future compared to near future. When the projected temperaturesand precipitation were inputted into the SWAT model, and the model outputs were compared with the baseline period (1980-2010), the picture that emerged depicted worsening water resources variability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 8, no 7, 460-470 p.
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14938DOI: 10.4236/eng.2016.87043Local ID: e5fdd4ff-9020-46de-b926-4d4cf419ae37OAI: diva2:987911
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20160729 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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