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Ash transformations in pulverised fuel co-combustion of straw and woody biomass
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
Energy Technology Centre, Piteå.
Vattenfall Research & Development.
Umeå universitet.
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2013 (English)In: Fuel processing technology, ISSN 0378-3820, E-ISSN 1873-7188, Vol. 105, 52-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ash transformation processes have been studied during co-firing of wheat straw and pine stem wood and softwood bark. Pilot-scale trials in a 150 kW pulverised-fuel-fired burner were performed. Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations were made to support the interpretation of the results. The results show that fast reactions involving gaseous ash compounds are favored at the expense of reactions where condensed components participate. Accordingly, the conditions promote gas phase reactions resulting in the formation of chlorides, sulfate and carbonates whereas reactions involving condensed reactants are suppressed. Both the slagging and fouling propensity of all co-firing mixes was reduced compared to that for pure straw. For the wood/straw mixes this was mainly due to a dilution of the ash forming elements of straw whereas for straw/bark, an additional effect from interaction between the fuel ash components was observed to primarily reduce slagging. In general it can be concluded that under powder combustion conditions equilibrium are approached selectively and that the ash matter are strongly fractionated. The general results in this paper are useful for straw-fired power stations looking for alternative co-firing fuels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 105, 52-58 p.
Research subject
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14601DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.05.027Local ID: dff9e3b0-b78a-11df-a707-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:987574
Validerad; 2013; Bibliografisk uppgift: International Conference on Impact of Fuel Quality on Power production and the Environment ; 20110703 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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