Estimation of Sintering Kinetics of Magnetite Pellet Using Optical Dilatometer
2016 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 47, no 1, 309-319 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During induration of magnetite pellets, oxidation of magnetite followed by sintering of the oxidized magnetite (hematite) is desirable. Sintering of magnetite which hampers the oxidation of magnetite is aimed to be kept as low as possible. In succession to our earlier study on sintering behavior of oxidized magnetite (hematite), this paper focusses on the sintering behavior of magnetite phase in isolation with an objective to estimate their kinetic parameters. The pellets prepared from the concentrate of LKAB’s mine, which majorly contains (>95 pct) magnetite, are used for the sintering studies. Optical Dilatometer is used to capture the sintering behavior of the magnetite pellet and determine their isothermal kinetics by deducing the three parameters, namely—activation energy (Q), pre-exponential factor (K′), and time exponent (n) with the help of power law and Arrhenius equation. It is interesting to find that the time exponent (n) is decreasing with the increase in sintering temperature. It is also interesting to note that the activation energy for sintering of magnetite pellet shows no single value. From the present investigation, two activation energies—477 kJ/mole [1173 K to 1373 K (900 °C to 1100 °C)] and 148 kJ/mole [1373 K to 1623 K (1100 °C to 1350 °C)]—were deduced for sintering of magnetite, suggesting two different mechanisms operating at lower and other at higher temperatures. The estimated kinetic parameters were used to predict the non-isothermal sintering behavior of magnetite using the sintering kinetic model. Predicted results were validated using experimental data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 47, no 1, 309-319 p.
Chemical engineering - Metallurgical process and manufacturing engineering
Kemiteknik - Metallurgisk process- och produktionsteknik
Research subject Process Metallurgy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14333DOI: 10.1007/s11663-015-0505-9Local ID: db037374-5a60-4d9a-9d90-01338adc1d16OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-14333DiVA: diva2:987288
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20151122 (kamsan)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved