Defects in off-site construction: timber module prefabrication
2009 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 27, no 7, 667-681 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The construction industry is based on craftsmanship. Quality control and assurance procedures applied in manufacturing cannot usually be readily applied in construction, where there are higher degrees of uniqueness in each project. One category of companies, industrialized housebuilders, is attempting to bridge some of the gaps between construction and manufacturing. These companies prefabricate building modules for later assembly at the building site. Since they are wholly responsible for large parts of the building process, these companies have greater opportunities to control and improve quality in a more consistent way than ordinary construction companies. Thus, it could be hypothesized that the frequency and severity of defects should be lower in industrialized housing than in ordinary construction. The aim of the study presented here is to examine this hypothesis by measuring and characterizing defects in industrialized housing. The design and manufacturing processes at two Swedish timber module prefabrication firms has been analysed through interviews, site visits and document reviews. Quality audits from three phases of the building process were compiled, analysed and categorized to provide statistical measures of defects in industrialized housing. The results show that the case study companies are better in terms of product quality than conventional housing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 27, no 7, 667-681 p.
Research subject Timber Structures; Construction Engineering and Management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14297DOI: 10.1080/01446190903002797Local ID: da6a8080-b4c6-11dd-a6f7-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-14297DiVA: diva2:987251
Validerad; 2009; 20081117 (ysko)2016-09-292016-09-292016-10-19Bibliographically approved