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Enrolment Regimes and Gender Differences in University of Mines and Technology:: Implication for Gender– equity Discourse in Multi National Ghanaian Mines
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0147-0680
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: Gender and behaviour, ISSN 1596-9231, Vol. 14, no 1, 6983-6995 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper assessed gender perceptions of science and engineering courses, gender differences in enrolment regimes in University of Mines and Technology; and how both translated to recruitment of females in the mines. Drawing from a mix methodological approach, it was evidenced that gendered perceptions and stereotypes on science and engineering courses accounted for few females pursuing science, engineering and technology courses in UMaT. These perceptions, the general dislike for engineering courses by most females for fear of mathematics and the knowledge of the fact that engineering is quite difficult, explain the phenomenon of female under-representation in the mines. Though the progressive feminine enrolment regimes, due to gender main streaming initiative in UMaT, whereby women are giving some leverage. The moment a woman gets aggregate 36, which is maximum aggregate or minimum point of qualification, and she chooses mining related course, she is admitted, whereas in some cases, their men counterparts with aggregate 10 or 14 may not be considered. This is gradually working towards achieving a 20 percent quota for women. Though this, of course, is translating into increased female recruitment into the mines, the pace still remains slow and relatively insignificant. By implication, female under-representation in mine work environment point to the fact that mines are missing such feminine values necessary for corporate sustainability, growth and development. Therefore affirmative action plan is recommended at all levels of mine work planning that will ensure inclusion of such feminine virtues to impact profitably and propel growth of the mining industry in Ghana.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 14, no 1, 6983-6995 p.
Keyword [en]
Interdisciplinary research areas - Gender
Keyword [sv]
Tvärvetenskapliga forskningsområden - Genus
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science; Effective innovation and organisation (AERI)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12825Local ID: bf9ec7a0-2525-4ecb-9cc8-738a959a0956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-12825DiVA: diva2:985776
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. SHIFTING GENDER DYNAMICS IN MULTINATIONAL GHANAIAN MINE JOBS: Narratives on Organizational and Sociocultural Barriers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SHIFTING GENDER DYNAMICS IN MULTINATIONAL GHANAIAN MINE JOBS: Narratives on Organizational and Sociocultural Barriers
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gender is one of the central organizing principles around which social and corporate innovation revolves. The multinational Ghanaian mining is dominated by men and masculinity cultures. To gain an adequate understanding of this phenomenon, it is prudent to explore its gendered nature. This thesis reflects consciously upon the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers affecting the effective participation of women in mine jobs. And beyond the barriers, it examines what changes have occurred, occasioning a shift in gender dynamics, leading to an increasing number of women participation in the industry? The current thesis adopts a case study method, deploying a mix of quantitative and qualitative approaches; administered questionnaires, conducted individual interviews, observations, archival documents, and focus group discussions with respondents in four mining companies and a mining and technology university in Ghana. The AMOS–based structural equation modeling approach was used to analyze the quantitative data, while thematic and discourse analysis was employed in analyzing the qualitative narratives of the respondents. Results of the thesis point to the social construction of gender in science, engineering and technology education as a pre-entry barrier. Also, a complex web of male-dominance, gender bias, role models and mentorship constraints, coupled with unfriendly family work policies were noted organizational barriers. In furtherance, common prejudices, perceptions and stereotyped notions of gender roles in the mines constituted noted sociocultural factors constraining effective participation of women in mine work. However beyond the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers, the current thesis intuits a phenomenon of a ‘women’s revolution’ in the mines, witnessing collective efforts from Women in Mining Ghana as well as the mine workers’ organizations and allied institutions adopting gender strategic measures, such as the ‘ore solidarity,’ gender mainstreaming in admission programmes as well as gender-driven mining initiatives aimed at re-engineering or striking a shift in gender dynamics in the mine jobs of Ghana. Consequently, the classic and continuous male-dominance in Ghanaian mines constitute a considerable concern for mine work organizational development, with practical implications for the mining industry, employment, and  labor relation practices as well as public policy in Ghana. Therefore, affirmative action is recommended for gender deconstruction and promotion of gender democracy. Indeed this move for inclusivity will engender poverty eradication work towards achieving organizational modernization, their global competitiveness and an assurance for gender-driven social innovative mining.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Graphic production, 2017. 169 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keyword
Keywords: gender and technology, psychosocial structures, enrolment regimes, organizational barriers, stereotype notions on gender roles, shifting gender dynamics, sustainability, social innovation, multinational Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Gender and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63356 (URN)978-91-7583-910-3 (ISBN)978-91-7583-911-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-16, A 1545, House A, Lulea, 11:37 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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