Projection of mechanical properties from shallow to greater depths seaward of the Nankai accretionary prism
2010 (English)In: Tectonophysics, ISSN 0040-1951, E-ISSN 1879-3266, Vol. 482, no 1-4, 50-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Deformation processes in sediments at accretionary prisms are directly controlled by the state of in situ effective stresses, the mechanical, physical and geochemical properties of the materials of the fault zone and surrounding wall rocks, as well as time. Measurements of these properties and their evolution in space and time, are therefore needed for a full understanding of the process of earthquake generation within subduction zones.Reconsolidation tests have been carried out on Ocean Drilling Program cores collected from a reference site seaward of the active Nankai décollement zone off the southeast coast of Japan. The reconsolidation stress path subjects the samples to uniaxial strain deformation, which mimics their stress history, however at much higher loading rates than in the natural system. We have conducted two tests each from two mudstone samples within Lower Shikoku Basin. The samples were collected at 361 and 476 meter below seafloor, on either side of the protodécollement horizon.The objectives for mechanical testing are to probe the yield and failure surfaces of these shallow sediments (Considering their large scale behavior, our tests show that the samples collected above the protodécollement have higher strength than those below. We propose that cementation, microfabric and mineralogy of the sediments above the protodécollement result in a higher effective yield stress than predicted from in situ effective vertical stress at hydrostatic pore pressures. Sediments below the protodécollement, in contrast, are slightly underconsolidated, and provide an upper constraint on the magnitude of in situ effective vertical stress and pore-fluid pressure. We also used the test results to make initial predictions for the yield surface in 2D and 3D for subdécollement samples across the margin. The construction of the 2D yield surface is the first attempt to quantify the model of sediment deformation proposed by Morgan et al. (2007). These results hint that the presence of cement has a strong, and increasing, influence on sediment behavior. Further testing is needed to verify these findings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 482, no 1-4, 50-64 p.
Research subject Mining and Rock Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11623DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.08.023Local ID: aa1f7590-9e34-11de-a77c-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-11623DiVA: diva2:984573
Validerad; 2010; 20090910 (ysko)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved