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One-dimensional variational (1-D Var) retrieval of temperature, water vapor, and a reference pressure from radio occultation measurements: A sensitivity analysis
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.
University of Graz, Institute for Geophysics, Astrophysics and Meteorology.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, E-ISSN 2156-2202, Vol. 108, no 11, 4337- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A 1-D Var retrieval study of simulated radio occultation measurements is presented. Temperature and a water vapor profile are retrieved along with a reference pressure to generate the pressure profile by applying the hydrostatic equation. High-resolution European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) atmospheric fields are used by a ray tracing tool to calculate the exact positions of the tangent point. The 1-D atmospheric profiles following the calculated tangent point trajectory in the 3-D ECMWF fields are used to simulate bending angle measurements with a 1-D forward model. Assimilation of these bending angles in a 1-D Var tool employing the same 1-D forward model is performed. We analyze the sensitivity of the retrieval to changes in vertical resolution, horizontal smearing of the tangent point trajectory, and the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium for a nonvertical atmospheric scan. We find that retrievals calculated without adequate vertical resolution can have significant errors in temperature and water vapor. Errors in the retrieval by assuming hydrostatic equilibrium for a nonvertical scan generally cause only minor errors in the retrieved profiles. A study into the occurrence of rays curving down toward the Earth surface indicates that about 5–10% of the profiles could experience so-called critical refraction at altitudes between 0.5 km and 2 km in case of the applied high-resolution ECMWF data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 108, no 11, 4337- p.
Research subject
Space Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11368DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002908Local ID: a51e39b0-fca0-11db-b816-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:984318
Upprättat; 2003; 20070507 (pafi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29

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