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Effect of Si-Al compounds on fire properties of ultra-low density fiberboard
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8404-7356
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5872-2792
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Department of Wood Science & Technology.
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2014 (English)In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 9, no 2, 2415-2430 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An ultra-low density fiberboard was made of plant fiber using a liquid frothing approach. The inflammability of the plant fiber limited its application as a candidate for building insulation materials and packaging buffering materials. Si-Al compounds were introduced into the foaming system because of the high temperature resistance of Si and Al compounds. The results from energy-dispersive spectroscopy suggested that the Si and Al relatively evenly covered the surface of the fibers, and their weight ratios in the material increased as a function of the amount of Si-Al compounds. The increasing weight ratios of Si and Al affected the fire properties of the material, reducing the released amount of heat, smoke, and off-gases such as CO and CO2, as well as decreasing the mass loss percentage, shown through the use of a Cone Calorimeter. It follows that Si-Al compounds have an evident collaborative effect on the halogen fire retardant. The system can effectively restrain the fire hazard intensity and the yields of solid and gas volatiles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 2, 2415-2430 p.
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood Products Engineering; Wood Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9579Local ID: 839e9faa-5bba-48b0-8216-864869ebfc65OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9579DiVA: diva2:982517
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140804 (johsod)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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