Effect of acetate on fermentation production of butyrate
2012 (English)In: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, ISSN 0576-9787, Vol. 46, no 5-6, 341-347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A carbon source for the fermentation production of butyrate is xylose extracted from ligno-cellulosic material by hot water extraction. Although this auto-hydrolysis of hemicellulose can provide a low-cost source of xylose, the process generates a high level of acetic acid that might inhibit subsequent fermentations. This study focuses on the effects of acetate on the production of butyrate from xylose by batch fermentations with a selected strain Clostridium tyrobutyricum.At initial acetate concentrations of 17.6 g L-1 and 26.3 g L-1 in the media, C. tyrobutyricum cultures exhibited a lag phase (45 and 118 hours, respectively) in terms of sugar consumption, butyrate production and cell biomass growth, lowering the overall production rate. Butyrate fermentations performed with high concentrations of acetate in the media demonstrated a re-uptake of acetate into the butyrate production pathway and after the lag phase, all cultures adapted to the inhibitory acetate, which increased the final butyrate yields by 12.6% (32.6 g L-1 compared to 28.5 g L-1).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 46, no 5-6, 341-347 p.
Chemistry - Biochemistry, Technology - Bioengineering
Kemi - Biokemi, Teknikvetenskap - Bioteknik
Research subject Biochemical Process Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9447Local ID: 811a0fe8-6129-4eb1-a861-fd61d126c505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9447DiVA: diva2:982385
Validerad; 2012; 20120813 (ulrok)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved