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Poorly humified peat as an adsorbent for metals in wastewater
Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
Swedish University of Agriculture Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment.
2002 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 36, no 9, 2394-2404 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metal adsorption and surface charge determinations were performed previously on well-characterised Sphagnum and Carex peat samples. The aim of this investigation was to determine metal adsorption from complex wastewaters onto these peat samples and compare it to the adsorption onto peat granules, clinoptilolite, glauconite and a flue dust from steel production. A sulphide mine leachate, a landfill leachate and a laundry wastewater were chosen, giving a variation in pH, ionic strength, total organic carbon and concentrations of metals. Metal adsorption was determined in batch and column experiments. The wastewater composition was of great importance for metal removal efficiency, mainly due to the difference in dominating metal species. In the sulphide mine leachate, containing free metal ions, a high metal adsorption was observed onto both peat and inorganic adsorbents. In the landfill leachate the metals formed carbonate and organic complexes and a low metal removal was achieved. Contrary to the leachates, the laundry wastewater contained suspended particles. The high amount of metals removed, 80% of the Cu and 30-60% of the Zn concentration, was probably withdrawn bound to the particle fraction. The highest removal of metal ions was obtained in the sulphide mine leachate with Carex peat, removing 97-99% of the Zn and 85-100% of the Cu content. The Sphagnum peat sample removed 37-77% of the Zn and 80-100% of the Cu content. The differences found between Sphagnum and Carex peat were attributed to the original chemistry of the plant material and the habitat conditions at the time of peat formation. Generally, the combination of glauconite or clinoptilolite with the peat samples in column experiments gave a minor improvement in metal removal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 36, no 9, 2394-2404 p.
Research subject
Chemistry of Interfaces
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9187DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00430-4Local ID: 7c0119d0-e2b0-11db-b078-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:982125
Validerad; 2002; 20070404 (pafi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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