Classification of groundwater based on irrigation water quality index and GIS in Halabja Saidsadiq basin, NE Iraq
2016 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Hydrology, ISSN 1058-3912, E-ISSN 1996-7918, Vol. 24, 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Assessment of groundwater for irrigation purpose is proposed using the Irrigation Water Quality Index (IWQI) within the GIS environment. The model was applied to several aquifers in the study basin. Water samples were collected from thirty-nine sites from both water wells and springs from the dry season (September 2014) and the wet season (May 2015). Samples were tested chemically and physically for several variables: EC, Ca+2, Mg+2, Cl-, Na+ and HCO3- and SAR. The accuracy and precision methods were applied to find out the uncertainty of the chemical analysis results and its validity of application for the geochemical interpretations. Based on the spatial distribution of IWQI, the groundwater quality of HSB classified into several classes of both dry and wet seasons in terms of its restrictions on irrigation purposes. The classes include, Severe Restriction (SR), High Restriction (HR) and Moderate Restriction (MR). The coverage areas of all three classes are 1.4%, 52.4% and 46.2% for the dry season and 0.7%, 83.3% and16% for wet seasons respectively. The considerable variations in all these classes have been noted from dry to wet seasons, this might be related to increasing the aquifer recharges from precipitation and decreasing the aquifer discharges by the consumers in the wet season. Then the model was validated based on the relation between the aquifer recharge and spatial distribution of IWQI, the result of this validation confirmed the outcome of this study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 24, 5
Research subject Soil Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9106Local ID: 7ac26b28-5329-4876-9a54-3b291d38f841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9106DiVA: diva2:982044
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20160515 (nadhir)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved