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Experimental Analysis of Sediment Deposition Due to Backwater Effect up-stream a Reservoir
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Mosul University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
2014 (English)In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, E-ISSN 1934-7367, Vol. 8, no 9, 1185-1193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The phenomenon of aggradation due to sediment accumulation upstream reservoirs had been studied in this research. For this purpose, group of experiments were conducted in a laboratory channel 25 m long, 0.80 m wide and 0.70 m deep. A block was built at the end of the channel to work as a dam to impound water. The channel was supplied with drainage pipes on both sides to release water out in a manner similar to what happens in reservoirs. The bed of the channel was filled with sand of 0.80 mm median sieve diameter and 0.72 geometric standard deviation. The slope was 0.0093 for all experiments. Two sizes of sand were used representing the sediment. The median diameter and geometric standard deviation of the first were 0.365 mm and 0.46 respectively. The second sample had 0.65 mm median diameter and 0.67 standard deviation. A total of seventy experiments were conducted in two groups to examine effect the sediment transport rate, particle size of sediment and flow velocity on aggradation characteristics. The results showed that there is a strong linear direct relationship between aggradation elements (length and depth) with the rate of sediment transport. Group of dimensionless parameters affecting the aggradation characteristics were used to develop empirical equations to predict the length, maximum depth of aggradation and predict transient bed profile. The results of empirical approach were compared with the measurement data and previous numerical method. The results indicated that the percentage error was –19 to 31% for length of aggradation and –21 to 26% for maximum depth of aggradation. The results also showed that the sediment material were deposited closer to the body of the dam when the released water from the dam is higher than the inflow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 8, no 9, 1185-1193 p.
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6527Local ID: 4c03db58-ea1f-4b05-9860-85b1366abfacOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6527DiVA: diva2:979413
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140528 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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