Selecting sustainability indicators of urban water systems: case study of al-Hilla City, Iraq
2015 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Hydrology, ISSN 1058-3912, E-ISSN 1996-7918, Vol. 22, 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present study used environmental criteria to appraise the sustainability of the urban water system(UWS) of Al-Hilla city, Iraq. The study focused on the assessment of the environmental impact anddamage to the urban water system. Environmental criteria of sustainability included a number ofindicators. These indicators were selected using tools of sustainability analysis, where life cycleassessment (LCA) was used to select and analyze the environmental indicators by applyingSimaPro7.1.8. LCA. The results for urban water system in Al-Hilla city showed that water treatmentplants (WTPs) and distribution network were most sustainable compared with sewerage network andwaste water treatment plants (WWTP). WTPs impact and damage on the environment and distributionnetwork was 4 and 11.5 points respectively, while Al-Hilla WWTP and sewerage network was 41 and291 points respectively, for delivery of one cubic meter of potable water at the point of consumption ortreatment of one cubic meter of wastewater. In addition, the study showed that most of the effects weredue to electricity consumption, pumping raw water and clean water, chemical use (such as chlorine),pipes used in water distribution and sewage collection networks, and diesel used for plant operation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 22, 6
Research subject Soil Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4900Local ID: 2e66bbbe-c634-4354-ac63-5f54b19c231cOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4900DiVA: diva2:977774
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20150516 (nadhir)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved