Vitrified forts as anthropogenic analogues for assessment of long-term stability of vitrified waste in natural environments
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, ISSN 1743-7601, E-ISSN 1743-761X, Vol. 8, no 3, 380-399 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The area’s natural analogues, vitrifi ed forts, combustion technology, and vitrifi ed waste have been reviewed.The purpose was to identify if investigations of vitrifi ed rock in hill forts might be warranted for assessing thelong-term integrity of vitrifi ed waste in natural environments. Wastes that are being vitrifi ed include ash fromincineration of domestic waste, contaminated soil and fi ssion products from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.It was found that vitrifi ed materials in at least 200 hill forts constitute good anthropogenic analogues to vitrified waste. The compositions vary considerably from site to site and even within one site and may correspondrelatively well to the spans of parameters in the various vitrifi ed wastes. Glasses in vitrifi ed forts comparefavourably to archaeological artefacts which are soda- and potash-based and consequently have different corrosionbehaviours and may weather too quickly. Natural glasses might be too limited in composition variationand are perhaps also too durable. Combustion technology considerations based on quality of heat analysesindicate that at least some of the vitrifi cations of hill forts were carried out with the specifi c purpose of achievingstrong and durable constructions. This makes it considerably easier to envisage how the vitrifi cations mighthave been carried out, and this, in turn, facilitates comparisons between anthropogenic analogues and modernvitrifi ed wastes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 3, 380-399 p.
analogue, glass, hill fort, leaching, long-term, vitrification, waste, Other technology - Environmental engineering
Övriga teknikvetenskaper - Miljöteknik
Research subject Waste Science and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4570Local ID: 288c312f-bebf-4335-9a3c-383b5ff110bdOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4570DiVA: diva2:977444
Validerad; 2013; 20131030 (rolsjo)2016-09-292016-09-292016-10-19Bibliographically approved