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Oriented, active Escherichia coli RNA polymerase: an atomic force microscope study
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
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1999 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 76, no 2, 1024-1033 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RNA polymerase (RNAP) molecules to be imaged under aqueous buffer using tapping-mode atomic force microscopy (AFM). Recombinant RNAP molecules containing histidine tags (hisRNAP) on the C-terminus were specifically immobilized on ultraflat gold via a mixed monolayer of two different Ω-functionalized alkanethiols. One alkanethiol was terminated in an ethylene-glycol (EG) group, which resists protein adsorption, and the other was terminated in an N-nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) group, which binds the histidine tag through two coordination sites with a nickel ion. AFM images showed that these two alkanethiols phase-segregate. Specific binding of the hisRNAP molecules was followed in situ by injecting proteins directly into the AFM fluid cell. The activity of the hisRNAP bound to the NTA groups was confirmed with a 42-base circular single-stranded DNA template (rolling circle), which the RNAP uses to produce huge RNA transcripts. These transcripts were imaged in air after the samples were rinsed and dried, since RNA also has low affinity for the EG-thiol and cannot be imaged under the buffers we used.

Abstract [en]

Combining a system for binding proteins to surfaces (Sigal, G. B., C. Bamdad, A. Barberis, J. Strominger, and G. M. Whitesides. 1996. Anal. Chem. 68:490-497) with a method for making ultraflat gold surfaces (Hegner, M., P. Wagner, and G. Semenza. 1993. Surface Sci. 291:39-46 1993) has enabled single, oriented, active Escherichia coli RNA polymerase (RNAP) molecules to be imaged under aqueous buffer using tapping-mode atomic force microscopy (AFM). Recombinant RNAP molecules containing histidine tags (hisRNAP) on the C-terminus were specifically immobilized on ultraflat gold via a mixed monolayer of two different Ω-functionalized alkanethiols. One alkanethiol was terminated in an ethylene-glycol (EG) group, which resists protein adsorption, and the other was terminated in an N-nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) group, which binds the histidine tag through two coordination sites with a nickel ion. AFM images showed that these two alkanethiols phase-segregate. Specific binding of the hisRNAP molecules was followed in situ by injecting proteins directly into the AFM fluid cell. The activity of the hisRNAP bound to the NTA groups was confirmed with a 42-base circular single-stranded DNA template (rolling circle), which the RNAP uses to produce huge RNA transcripts. These transcripts were imaged in air after the samples were rinsed and dried, since RNA also has low affinity for the EG-thiol and cannot be imaged under the buffers we used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 76, no 2, 1024-1033 p.
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Other Physics Topics
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Fysik
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-2888Local ID: 09da9c00-e760-11db-8a98-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-2888DiVA: diva2:975742
Note
Godkänd; 1999; 20070410 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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