Pressure autoregulation of cerebral blood flow in traumatic brain injury and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The ability of the brain to keep a stable and adequate cerebral blood flow (CBF) independently of fluctuations in systemic blood pressure is referred to as cerebral pressure autoregulation (CPA). When the brain is injured by trauma or hemorrhage, this ability may be impaired, leaving the brain vulnerable to events of high or low blood pressure. The aims of this thesis were to study CPA in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the relation between CPA and other physiological parameters, and the influence of CPA on outcome. Four retrospective studies are included in the thesis. All patients were treated at the neurointensive care unit, Uppsala University hospital.
In paper I, 58 TBI patients were studied. In patients with impaired CPA, cerebral perfusion pressure between 50-60 mm Hg was associated with favorable outcome while CPP > 70 and >80 mm Hg was associated with unfavorable outcome. In patients with intact CPA there was no association between CPP and outcome.
In paper II, 107 TBI patients were studied. High CPP was associated with unfavorable outcome in patients with focal injuries. In patients with diffuse injury and impaired CPA, CPP > 70 mm Hg was associated with favorable outcome.
In paper III, 47 SAH patients were studied. CBF was measured bedside with Xenon-enhance CT (Xe-CT). Patients with impaired CPA had lower CBF, both in the early (day 0-3) and late (day 4-14) acute phase of the disease.
In paper IV, 64 SAH patients were studied. Optimal CPP (CPPopt) was calculated automatically as the level of CPP where CPA works best for the patient, i.e., where PRx is lowest. Patients with actual CPP below their calculated optimum had higher amounts of low-flow regions (CBF < 10 ml/100g/min).
The findings in this thesis emphasize the importance of taking CPA into account in the management of TBI and SAH patients, and suggest that treatment should be individualized depending on status of autoregulation. PRx and CPPopt may be used bedside to guide management according to status of autoregulation. In the future CPA-guided management should be tested in prospective studies
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 62 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1257
cerebral blood flow, autoregulation, traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage
Research subject Neurosurgery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294190ISBN: 978-91-554-9703-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294190DiVA: diva2:974538
2016-11-17, Enghoffsalen, Ing 50 bv, Akademiska sjukhuset, 75185, Uppsala, 09:00 (Swedish)
Koskinen, Lars-Owe, Adjungerad professor
Enblad, Per, Professor
List of papers