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Trans-ethnic Fine Mapping Highlights Kidney-Function Genes Linked to Salt Sensitivity
Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford OX3 7BN, England.
Univ Texas Southwestern Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Internal Med, Dallas, TX 75229 USA.
Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
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2016 (English)In: American Journal of Human Genetics, ISSN 0002-9297, E-ISSN 1537-6605, Vol. 99, no 3, 636-646 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyzed genome-wide association studies (GWASs), including data from 71,638 individuals from four ancestries, for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function used to define chronic kidney disease (CKD). We identified 20 loci attaining genome-wide-significant evidence of association (p < 5 × 10(-8)) with kidney function and highlighted that allelic effects on eGFR at lead SNPs are homogeneous across ancestries. We leveraged differences in the pattern of linkage disequilibrium between diverse populations to fine-map the 20 loci through construction of "credible sets" of variants driving eGFR association signals. Credible variants at the 20 eGFR loci were enriched for DNase I hypersensitivity sites (DHSs) in human kidney cells. DHS credible variants were expression quantitative trait loci for NFATC1 and RGS14 (at the SLC34A1 locus) in multiple tissues. Loss-of-function mutations in ancestral orthologs of both genes in Drosophila melanogaster were associated with altered sensitivity to salt stress. Renal mRNA expression of Nfatc1 and Rgs14 in a salt-sensitive mouse model was also reduced after exposure to a high-salt diet or induced CKD. Our study (1) demonstrates the utility of trans-ethnic fine mapping through integration of GWASs involving diverse populations with genomic annotation from relevant tissues to define molecular mechanisms by which association signals exert their effect and (2) suggests that salt sensitivity might be an important marker for biological processes that affect kidney function and CKD in humans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 99, no 3, 636-646 p.
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303900DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.07.012ISI: 000383114800009PubMedID: 27588450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303900DiVA: diva2:974526
Funder
NIH (National Institute of Health), K08DK091316 R25DK101401 5R21HL123677-02Wellcome trust, WT098017
Available from: 2016-09-26 Created: 2016-09-26 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Ärnlöv, JohanGiedraitis, VilmantasLarsson, AndersSundström, JohanLind, LarsIngelsson, Erik
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