Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus capsid, a versatile platform for foreign B-cell epitope display inducing protective humoral immune responses
2016 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, no 31844Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Virus-like particles (VLPs), comprised of viral structural proteins devoid of genetic material, are tunable nanoparticles that can be chemically or genetically engineered, to be used as platforms for multimeric display of foreign antigens. Here, we report the engineering of chimeric VLPs, derived from rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) for presentation of foreign B-cell antigens to the immune system. The RHDV capsid comprises 180 copies of a single capsid subunit (VP60). To evaluate the ability of chimeric RHDV VLPs to elicit protective humoral responses against foreign antigens, we tested two B-cell epitopes: a novel neutralizing B-cell epitope, derived from feline calicivirus capsid protein, and a well characterized B-cell epitope from the extracellular domain of influenza A virus M2 protein (M2e). We generated sets of chimeric RHDV VLPs by insertion of the foreign B-cell epitopes at three different locations within VP60 protein (which involved different levels of surface accessibility) and in different copy numbers per site. The immunogenic potential of the chimeric VLPs was analyzed in the mouse model. The results presented here indicated that chimeric RHDV VLPs elicit potent protective humoral responses against displayed foreign B-cell epitopes, demonstrated by both, in vitro neutralization and in vivo protection against a lethal challenge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2016. Vol. 6, no 31844
Immunology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131504DOI: 10.1038/srep31844ISI: 000381750200001PubMedID: 27549017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131504DiVA: diva2:974457
Funding Agencies|Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (FPI grants); Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [AGL2013-48923-C2-1-R, BFU2014-55475R]; Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid [S2013/ABI-2906-PLATESA, S2013/MIT-2807]; BBSRC [BBS/E/I/00002014]2016-09-262016-09-232016-10-19