Rotavirus and Serotonin Cross-Talk in Diarrhoea
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, e0159660- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rotavirus (RV) has been shown to infect and stimulate secretion of serotonin from human enterochromaffin (EC) cells and to infect EC cells in the small intestine of mice. It remains to identify which intracellularly expressed viral protein(s) is responsible for this novel property and to further establish the clinical role of serotonin in RV infection. First, we found that siRNA specifically silencing NSP4 (siRNA(NSP4)) significantly attenuated secretion of serotonin from Rhesus rotavirus (RRV) infected EC tumor cells compared to siRNA(VP4), siRNA(VP6) and siRNA(VP7). Second, intracellular calcium mobilization and diarrhoeal capacity from virulent and avirulent porcine viruses correlated with the capacity to release serotonin from EC tumor cells. Third, following administration of serotonin, all (10/10) infants, but no (0/8) adult mice, responded with diarrhoea. Finally, blocking of serotonin receptors using Ondansetron significantly attenuated murine RV (strain EDIM) diarrhoea in infant mice (2.9 vs 4.5 days). Ondansetron-treated mice (n = 11) had significantly (p amp;lt; 0.05) less diarrhoea, lower diarrhoea severity score and lower total diarrhoea output as compared to mock-treated mice (n = 9). Similarly, Ondansetron-treated mice had better weight gain than mock-treated animals (p amp;lt; 0.05). A most surprising finding was that the serotonin receptor antagonist significantly (p amp;lt; 0.05) also attenuated total viral shedding. In summary, we show that intracellularly expressed NSP4 stimulates release of serotonin from human EC tumor cells and that serotonin participates in RV diarrhoea, which can be attenuated by Ondansetron.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2016. Vol. 11, no 7, e0159660- p.
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131517DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159660ISI: 000381515600039PubMedID: 27459372OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131517DiVA: diva2:974401
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council ; Diarrhoeal Disease Center, Linkoping University2016-09-262016-09-232016-10-19