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Online Interpersonal Victimization: Gender Differences and Online Behaviors
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate and describe online interpersonal victimization (OIPV) in terms of gender differences and the association between such victimization and online behavior of active social media users in a Swedish sample. Since social media has become such a big part of our world it is of importance to study OIPV in this forum. Previous research has found that OIPV is a rather common phenomenon, that there are gender differences included and that certain online behaviors are risk factors. OIPV by itself is not a crime but rather an umbrella term including the legal terms illegal threat, slander, insult, harassment, sexual harassment, stalking and crimes against the personal data act or the copyright act. The cyberlifestyle–routine activities theory was used in this study to understand which online behaviors were risk factors in our sample. To answer the aim a survey was made and answered by 338 participants. The answers were tested with chi-square tests (χ²) and Mann-Whitney U tests in order to examine differences in gender regarding victimization and to find differences between the victimized and non-victimized group regarding their online behaviors. The results showed a high prevalence of OIPV and that women were more likely to be victims of OIPV, especially of harassment, sexual harassment, threats of sexual violence and stalking. The online behaviors that were significant risk factors in our sample were the use of a profile picture of themselves and number of hours spent on social media every day. This combined indicated that social media may not be a completely gender equal place and that online behaviors may not indicate the risk of being victimized equally well for both genders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
Social Media, Online Interpersonal Victimization (OIPV), Gender Differences, Online Behaviors.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28896OAI: diva2:974056
Subject / course
Criminology KR1
Educational program
Criminology Programme SKRIG 180 higher education credits


Available from: 2016-09-25 Created: 2016-09-23 Last updated: 2016-09-25Bibliographically approved

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