Metal-free photochemical silylations and transfer hydrogenations of benzenoid hydrocarbons and graphene
2016 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The first hydrogenation step of benzene, which is endergonic in the electronic ground state (S0), becomes exergonic in the first triplet state (T1). This is in line with Baird’s rule, which tells that benzene is antiaromatic and destabilized in its T1 state and also in its first singlet excited state (S1), opposite to S0, where it is aromatic and remarkably unreactive. Here we utilized this feature to show that benzene and several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to various extents undergo metal-free photochemical (hydro)silylations and transfer-hydrogenations at mild conditions, with the highest yield for naphthalene (photosilylation: 21%). Quantum chemical computations reveal that T1-state benzene is excellent at H-atom abstraction, while COT, aromatic in the T1 and S1 states according to Baird’s rule, is unreactive. Remarkably, also CVD-graphene on SiO2 is efficiently transfer-photohydrogenated using formic acid/water mixtures together with white light or solar irradiation under metal-free conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chemical Sciences Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303639DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12962ISI: 000385553900001PubMedID: 27708336OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303639DiVA: diva2:972524
FunderWenner-Gren FoundationsSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Magnus Bergvall Foundation