Topology optimization process for new designs of reconstruction plates used for bridging large mandibular defects
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Loss of bone in the mandible as a result from for example resection of bone tumors or trauma, can in more complex cases be reconstructed using a reconstruction plate to provide stability between the remaining mandible stumps. Different studies on reconstruction plates present a fracture rate of 2.8-9.8 %. The rate of plate fracture and plate loosening increases the need to improve the design of the reconstruction plate. A useful tool to find new designs for structures is topology optimization. Topology optimization is a mathematical based method where it is possible to define an optimization problem for a specific load case. Based on the defined problem, the solver calculates the most appropriate design to reach the final goal. The aim of this work is to investigate, describe, and discuss how new designs for reconstruction plates used for bridging large mandibular defects can be achieved by using topology optimization as a tool.
Two software programs handling topology optimization from Altair Engineering were used: SimLab 14.0 and HyperMesh 14.0. Both of them uses the solver OptiStruct to solve the defined topology optimization problem. The topology optimization problem was defined to minimize the compliance of the structure with an upper limit of the allowed volume fraction used for the new design. Three different clenching tasks were examined: right unilateral clench, clenching in the intercuspal position, and incisal clench. All three load cases resulted in different designs, the designs were also affected by the initial amount of screws used, and by the defined value on the allowed thickness of the created parts in the new design. The results gave an initial understanding of topology optimization, and indicated the possibilities a design process with topology optimization has to achieve new designs for reconstruction plates used for large mandibular fractures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 49 p.
Topology optimization, Reconstruction plate, Mandibular defect, Clenching task, Design, SimLab, HyperMesh, OptiStruct
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131096ISRN: LiTH-IMT/BIT30-A-EX--16/540--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131096DiVA: diva2:971323
University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, School of Life Sciences, FHNW
Subject / course
Schumacher, Ralf, Dipl. Eng.
Johansson, Johannes, Biträdande universitetslektor