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Musikterapi i barncancersjukvård: en intervjustudie med tre musikterapeuter
Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Department of Music Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur musikterapeuters arbete fungerar inom barncancersjukvård. Hur kan musikterapi påverka cancersjuka barn och vilka resultat man kan se. Undersökningen genomfördes med intervjuer med tre verksamma musikterapeuter. I metoden tillämpades en hermeneutisk tolkningsansats med kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer och med en narrativ forskningsmetod. Musikterapi är evidensbaserad inom forskning, ett akademiskt ämne och ett professionellt yrke. Kan även definieras som en konstnärlig terapiform, som bygger på musikupplevelse, musikaliskt skapande och uttryck, kommunikation och samspel som erbjuds i relation mellan patient och terapeut. Resultatet belyser musikterapeuters uppdrag, vilket är ett mycket varierande och flexibelt arbete. Via musikens verktyg och redskap; skapa kontakt, bygga relation, utveckla kommunikation, icke-verbalt, improvisera, se och bekräfta, stärka och dela tillsammans. Musikterapi grundar sig på den psykodynamiska inriktningen inom utvecklingspsykologin, att observera och forska om ett barn i relation till dess omgivning. Musikterapiuppdraget fungerar som en kompletterande behandlingsform inom barncancersjukvård. Musikens förmåga och egenskaper kan bidra till att förstärka en patients egna personliga resurser, skapa utrymme och ge möjlighet till känslomässiga uttryck, hantering och bearbetning av ett barns svåra cancersjukdom och dess sjukhusvistelse. Utifrån intervjuerna av musikterapeuterna och deras berättelser har både signifikanta och positiva resultat har kunnat belysas i denna studie.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine how music therapists work with children who have cancer. How does music therapy affect the children, and what are the results. The study was made by interviewing three active music therapists. The method I used was a hermeneutic interpretation with qualitative research interviews and with a narrative method. Music therapy is evidence based in research, an academic major and profession. It can also be defined as an artistic form of therapy, where music is used as a mean for experience, creativity, expression and communication between patient and therapist. The result highlights the mission for the therapist, which is very flexible and varying, where flexibility and responsiveness is of great importance; by the tools of music create a sense of contact and communication, nonverbal, improvise, watch and confirm, strengthen and sharing. Music therapy is based on the psychodynamic alignment within developmental psychology, to observe and do research about a child relation to his or her environment. Music therapy also works as an addition to regular medical treatment within cancer care for children. The ability and characteristics of music contributes to strengthen a patient own resources, opens up ways for emotional expression in the process of working with a child with cancer disease and his or her hospitalization. Based on the interviews of the music therapists and their stories, both significant and positive results are illustrated in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Music therapy, childhood cancer, pediatrics, psychodynamic alignment, developmental psychology, theory of intersubjectivity, Barncancerfonden
Keyword [sv]
Musikterapi, barncancersjukvård, pedriatik, psykodynamisk inriktning, utvecklingspsykologi, intersubjektivitetsteori, Barncancerfonden
National Category
Music
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kmh:diva-2198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kmh-2198DiVA: diva2:970652
Educational program
Filosofi magisterexamen i musikpedagogik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-14 Created: 2016-09-14 Last updated: 2016-09-14Bibliographically approved

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