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Active consumers at the centre of the energy system: Towards modelling consumer behaviour in OSeMOSYS
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on assessing current technologies, policies, KPIs and modelling tools for enhancing the characterization of current energy demand coming from the residential sector in long term energy models. Today, thanks to the increasing spreading of smart grid and metering systems through the energy sector, new features are made available, allowing for more customized and optimal use of energy technologies, according to consumers’ behaviours and attitudes that affect energy demand. Through the assessment undertaken in this study, a more detailed representation of the residential demand has been made possible. In addition, it has been allowed also to identify potential benefits coming from a more flexible use of technologies and the consumer’s engagement in optimally monitoring and managing energy consumption. Finally, the OSeMOSYS modelling tool has been enhanced with a better characterisation of the demand side in its Reference Energy System. A solution for defining rates of flexibility for the demand side technologies analysed has been proposed. In addition, a theoretical framework for integrating consumers’ behaviours and attitudes in the system has been developed. This has been based on the modelling of virtual technologies representing costs and variations in energy demand associated with specific behavioural patterns, following the example provided by the Socio-MARKAL model.

Abstract [sv]

Denna Thesis fokuserar på att bedöma nuvarande teknik, politik, nyckeltal och modelleringsverktyg i syftet att förbättra hur den aktuella energiefterfrågan av bostadssektorn karakteriseras i långsiktiga energimodeller. Idag har spridningen av smarta nät och mätsystem inom energisektorn ökats. Dessa tillbringar nya funktioner som möjliggör en mer anpassad och optimal användning av energiteknik: de kan nu följa beteenden och attityder som påverkar konsumenternas efterfrågan på energi. Bedömningen som genomförts i denna studie möjliggör en mer detaljerad representation av bostäders efterfrågan. Dessutom kan vi nu upptäcka de potentiella fördelarna av att, å ena sidan, ha flexibla användningar av teknologier, och, å det andra, att ha engagerade konsumenter som övervakar det optimala styrning av deras energikonsumtion. Slutligen har det OSeMOSYS modelleringsverktyget stärkts genom en bättre beskrivning av Reference Energy Systems efterfrågesida. En lösning som definierar flexibilitetsnivåer på efterfrågesidan teknologier som analyserats har föreslagits. Dessutom har ett teoretiskt ramverk som integrerar konsumenternas beteenden och attityder in i systemet utvecklats. Med referens till den Socio MARKAL-modellen har detta baserats på modellering av virtuella teknologier som föreställer både kostnader av och variationer i efterfrågan på energi i samband med specifika beteendemönster.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 71 p.
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-192553DiVA: diva2:970636
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-14 Created: 2016-09-14 Last updated: 2016-09-14Bibliographically approved

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