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Utvärdering av miljöinslagen i körkortsutbildningen: en studie av effekter på körbeteende och bränsleförbrukning
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Trafiksäkerhet och trafiksystem, TST.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5198-8851
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
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2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Evaluation of the environmental components of the Swedish driver education : a study of effects on driving behaviour and fuel consumption (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att mäta effekter av den utbildning i sparsam körning som ingår i körkortsutbildningen för B-behörighet på bränsleförbrukning och olika körbeteenden typiska för sparsam körning bland förare med cirka ett halvt år gammalt körkort. Jämförelser gjordes mellan en grupp med 25 förare som uppskattade att de fått mycket utbildning i sparsam körning och en grupp med 25 förare som uppskattade att de fått lite sådan utbildning. De med mycket utbildning i sparsam körning hade gått mer på trafikskola, både körlektioner och teorilektioner, än de med lite utbildning. Förarna körde en instrumenterad bil längs en 30 kilometer lång vägslinga där 12 olika delsträckor användes för att samla in mätdata om bränsleförbrukning och olika körbeteenden.  Resultaten visar att utbildning i sparsam körning under körkortsutbildningen har haft effekt på bränsleförbrukningen. Gruppen med mycket utbildning förbrukade 8,7 procent mindre bränsle än gruppen med lite utbildning. En expert/utbildare i sparsam körning som också körde vägslingan hade dock en betydligt lägre bränsleförbrukning. Detta kan troligen förklaras av att mer komplicerade körbeteenden, såsom körning i blandad trafik med nollförbrukning, och att minimera urkoppling och bromsning till fördel för motorbromsning, kräver en högre mental belastning hos nya förare. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to measure the effects of the education in environmental friendly driving that is included in the Swedish driver education for license class B on fuel consumption and a selection of driving behaviour that are typical for environmental friendly driving among drivers with license since half a year. Comparisons were made between a group of 25 drivers who estimated that they had much  education in environmental friendly driving and a group of 25 drivers who estimated that they had  little or none such education. Those with much education in environmental friendly driving had participated more in both driving lessons and theory lessons at driving schools than those with little education. The drivers drove an instrumented car along a pre-defined road of 30 km where 12 parts were used to collect data about fuel consumption and a selection of different driving behaviour.  The results show that education in environmental friendly driving during driver licensing has had an effect on fuel consumption. The group with much education used 8.7 percent less fuel than the group with little education. However, an expert/educator in environmental friendly driving who was driving the same roads had a much lower fuel consumption. This can probably be explained by the more complex driving behaviour, such as driving in mixed traffic with zero consumption and to minimize declutching and braking to the advantage of engine braking, requiring a higher mental load of novice drivers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. , 46 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 903
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10889OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10889DiVA: diva2:968726
Available from: 2016-09-12 Created: 2016-09-12 Last updated: 2016-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, SusanneSörensen, GunillaNyberg, JonnaForsberg, Inger
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