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Målspråksriktig svenska: - en studie kring betydelsen av fri och bunden ordföljd
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Accurate target language in Swedish : - a study on the importance of free and bound word order (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur olika ordföljdsprinciper i ett förstaspråk påverkar inlärningen av ordföljden i andraspråket svenska. Två grupper jämfördes där den ena hade ett förstaspråk med en bunden ordföljd baserad på den grammatiska principen och den andra ett förstaspråk med en fri ordföljd baserad på tema-rema-principen. Respondenterna bestod av elever inom den kommunala vuxenutbildningen i en västsvensk kommun som gick och läste på Sfi och SAS Grund. Varje respondent fick i uppgift att fritt skriva en kort uppsats. Texterna analyserades därefter ingående för att kunna identifiera vilka sats- och textgrammatiska ordföljdsfel som hade gjorts. Resultatet visade att de båda grupperna gjorde ungefär samma typ av satsgrammatiska fel men att gruppen med ett förstaspråk med fri ordföljd gjorde något fler textgrammatiska fel. Medan flera andra studier lyfter fram övergeneralisering av tema-rema-principen som det största problemet ur textgrammatisk synvinkel för denna senare grupp, fann jag att det snarare var underanvändning av tema-rema-principen som var problematiskt.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine how different word order principles in a first language influence the learning of word order in Swedish as second language. Two groups were compared in which one had a first language with a bound word order based on the grammatical principle and the other a first language with a free word order based on the topic-comment-principle. Respondents consisted of students in municipal adult education in a western Swedish municipality who studied at SFI and SAS Basic. Each respondent were asked to freely write a short essay. The texts were then analyzed in detail to identify which batch- and text grammatical word order inaccuracy that had been made. The results showed that both groups did about the same type of grammatical errors, but that the group with a first language with free word order did some more text grammatical errors. While several other studies highlight the generalization of the topic-comment-principle as the biggest problem for this latter group, I found that it was rather the lack of use of the topic-comment-principle that was problematic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 57 p.
Keyword [en]
batch grammar, text grammar, the grammatical principal, topic-comment-principle, transfer, processability theory, information structure
Keyword [sv]
satsgrammatik, textgrammatik, den grammatiska principen, tema-rema-principen, transfer, processbarhetsteorin, informationsstruktur
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45819OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-45819DiVA: diva2:967716
Subject / course
Swedish as a Second Language
Presentation
2016-06-15, Karlstad, 13:21 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-09 Created: 2016-09-09 Last updated: 2016-09-09Bibliographically approved

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