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Moralisk fostran av den sjuka själen: En mikrohistorisk undersökning av samhälleliga strukturer inom den psykiatriska vården 1861- 1889
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to expand and variegate the general history of psychiatric care in Sweden in the late nineteenth century. My objects of interest are the first two head doctors of Stockholm’s hospital and their handwritten annual reports to the directorate of the hospital from the year of 1862 to the year of 1889. During this time the psychiatric care in Sweden went through a number of changes. Laws against treating patients of the asylums with physical restraint and force were passed, and humanitarian and philanthropic movements were a big part of these changes. In Sweden, the psychiatric care was expanding at this time. The old asylums were condemned by humanitarian intellectuals for its horrible conditions, and the doctors called out for new modern asylums. The modern day general history of the expansion of asylums is often in some way linked to Michel Foucault’s theory of the psychiatric asylum as an institution of social control. One of the main undertakings in this essay is to test this theory in the context of a late nineteenth century asylum of Stockholm. Another ambition in this essay is to establish which other characteristic structures of the nineteenth century that appear to have influenced the psychiatric care. Testing Foucault’s theory of social control has in this study proven to call for the need of additional theories concerning both class and gender structures. To expose the nuances of the general history of the asylum I have been using a microhistorical approach, while still integrating with the macro-leveled general history and the control theory of Michel Foucault.Focus in this research is on the two first head doctors of Stockholm’s first real asylum. In this essay, I analyse their description of patient labour and the use of physical restraint/force methods as treatments. The results of my research show that the upholding of social control and moral standards was a big part of the head doctors profession during the second half of the nineteenth century in the Swedish asylum. The results also show that the patients were treated differently based on gender and which of the three different payment classes of the asylum that they belonged to.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Asylum, Foucault, Force methods, History of psychiatry, Microhistory, Nineteenth century, Patient labour, Physical restraint, Psychiatric care, Psychiatry, Social control
Keyword [sv]
1800-tal, Dårhus, Hospital, Foucault, Konradsbergs sjukhus, Mikrohistoria, Patientarbete, Psykiatri, Social kontroll, Stockholms hospital, Tvångsbehandling, Tvångsmetoder
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-30834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-30834DiVA: diva2:962985
Subject / course
History
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-07 Last updated: 2016-09-08Bibliographically approved

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