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Design and optimization of the HVAC system for a nuclear power plant demineralization station
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Avstängda kärnkraftverk berövar många människor av elektricitet och det skulle ha en negativ inverkan både på företagets framtoning och mänskliga aktiviteter. På grund av detta behöver tillgängligheten av utrustningen i alla byggnaderna som kärnkraftverken består ses till. HVAC-system (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) spelar en viktig roll när det gäller tillgänglighet av utrustning eftersom dessa system ser till pålitligheten är på topp genom att anpassade omgivningsförhållanden till utrustningen. Att designa ventilationssystemet rätt är därför mycket viktigt och måste göras noggrant. Denna rapport introducerar metodologin för att designa och optimera ett ventilationssystem för en av byggnaderna i ett kärnkraftverk. Utöver detta utvecklas och beskrivs en metodologi för att designa ett rökkontrollssystem för en byggnad som ingår i kärnkraftverket. Dessa metodologier har implementerats för en byggnad i en demineraliseringsstation, Hinkley Point C project.

Abstract [en]

During nuclear power plants shutdown many people could be deprived of electricity and it would have a negative impact both on the company’s image and on people activities. As a consequence, availability of equipments in the different buildings which compose the power plant needs to be assured. HVAC system (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) plays an important role on the reliability of these equipments as it makes sure that ambient conditions in the buildings fit the operating temperature range of the equipments. Consequently sizing a ventilation system is really important and it needs to be carried out seriously. This paper introduces the methodology to size and optimize a ventilation system for nuclear power plants’ building. This paper also develops the methodology used to size a smoke control system in a nuclear related building. Direct application of this methodology has been realised for a specific building which is the demineralization station of Hinkley Point C project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 100 p.
Keyword [en]
EDF, nuclear power plant, psychrometry, ventilation, demineralization, regulation, heat science and thermodynamics, smoke control, pressurization, thermal modelling, Computational Fluid Dynamic
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-192184DiVA: diva2:958390
External cooperation
EDF
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-07 Created: 2016-09-07 Last updated: 2016-09-07Bibliographically approved

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