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Prevalence of and factors related to mild and substantial dizziness in community-dwelling older adults: A cross-sectional study
Futurum – the Academy for Healthcare, County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4149-9787
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9042-4832
2016 (English)In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 16, no 1, 159Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Dizziness is highly prevalent among older people and associated with many health factors. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of and factors related to dizziness among community-dwelling older adults in Sweden. In contrast to previous studies, the subjects with dizziness were divided into two groups, mild and substantial dizziness, according to the frequency and intensity of dizziness.


A sample of 305 older persons between 75 and 90 years of age (mean age 81 years) were interviewed and examined. Subjects with dizziness answered the University of California Los Angeles Dizziness Questionnaire and questions about provoking movements. The groups with substantial, mild, or no dizziness were compared with regard to age, sex, diseases, drugs, blood pressure, physical activity, exercises, falls, fear of falling, quality of life, general health, mobility aids, and physical performance.


In this sample, 79 subjects experienced substantial and 46 mild dizziness. Subjects with substantial dizziness were less physically active, reported more fear of falling, falls, depression/anxiety, diabetes, stroke/TIA, heart disease, a higher total number of drugs and antihypertensive drugs, lower quality of life and general health, and performed worse physically.


There are many and complex associations between dizziness and factors like falls, diseases, drugs, physical performance, and activity. For most of these factors, the associations are stronger in subjects with substantial dizziness compared with subjects with mild or no dizziness; therefore, it is relevant to differ between mild and substantial dizziness symptoms in research and clinical practice in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, no 1, 159
Keyword [en]
Dizziness Older persons Diseases Drugs Blood pressure, Physical activity, Falling, Fear of falling, Quality of life, Physical performance
National Category
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences Physiotherapy
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31676DOI: 10.1186/s12877-016-0335-xPubMedID: 27590725ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84985038522OAI: diva2:958320
Available from: 2016-09-06 Created: 2016-09-06 Last updated: 2016-09-19Bibliographically approved

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Ernsth Bravell, MarieFransson, Eleonor
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HHJ, Institute of GerontologyHHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping)HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and BiomedicineHHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health
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BMC Geriatrics
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health SciencesPhysiotherapy

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