Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Different risk factor patterns for adult asthma, rhinitis and eczema: results from West Sweden Asthma Study
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Clinical and Translational Allergy, ISSN 2045-7022, E-ISSN 2045-7022, Vol. 6, no 28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Atopic diseases including asthma, rhinitis and eczema have increased in the second half of the past century. This has been well studied among children and adolescents but with the exception of asthma to a much lesser extent in adults. The adult risk factor pattern of atopic diseases, in particular of eczema, and their relation to allergic sensitization are yet to be fully elucidated. Studies among adults that have compared the risk factor pattern for these conditions in the same material are very few. The objective of this study was to compare the risk factor patterns for asthma, rhinitis and eczema in a randomly selected adult population.

METHODS: A questionnaire survey on atopic diseases was dispatched by mail to 30,000 randomly selected individuals in West Sweden aged 16-75 years and 62 % participated. A subgroup of 2000 individuals was selected for clinical examinations including blood sampling for specific serum Immunoglobulin E to common airborne allergens and 1172 attended.

RESULTS: The prevalence of current asthma was 11.8 %, current rhinitis 42.8 %, current eczema 13.5 and 2.3 % had all three conditions while 13.9 % had at least two conditions. No mutual risk factor was identified for all three conditions. Allergic sensitization was a strong risk factor for current asthma (OR 4.1 CI 2.7-6.3) and current rhinitis (OR 5.1 CI 3.8-6.9) but not so for current eczema. Obesity was a risk factor for current asthma and current rhinitis, while farm childhood decreased the risk for current asthma and current rhinitis. Occupational exposure to gas dust or fumes and female sex was associated with an increased risk of current asthma and current eczema.

CONCLUSIONS: There are different risk factor patterns for asthma, rhinitis and eczema in adults but some risk factors are overlapping between some of the conditions. The effect of mutable risk factors should be assessed further in longitudinal studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 28
Keyword [en]
Asthma, Eczema, Rhinitis, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Population study, Risk factors
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125058DOI: 10.1186/s13601-016-0112-0PubMedID: 27493721OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-125058DiVA: diva2:957798
Available from: 2016-09-05 Created: 2016-09-05 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1463 kB)8 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1463 kBChecksum SHA-512
83d279a7300b2e5ecf90fed81dbf9c3c7f3d6489cc4f848877ee34bb11fa0302fe6e7e5595164e9e1ef9c2cf32a8421a6e44e7d5742a89b441eecc19444bf099
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rönmark, Eva
By organisation
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
In the same journal
Clinical and Translational Allergy
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 8 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 10 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link