An Unfamiliar Crime Prevention Strategy: Collective Opinion on Restorative Justice Conferences
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Introduction: Renewed efforts for controlling criminality in Sweden are demanded by the Swedish Government. Restorative justice conferences (RJC), in Sweden known as mediation, can be described as a meeting mediated by a trained facilitator in which the offender and the victim of a crime meets, sometimes together with their friends and family. RJC aims to promote the offender to take responsibility for his or her actions and repair the damage the victim has suffered. Research on RJC shows promising results in regard of reduced recidivism and increased victim benefits. No Swedish publication studying public opinion on RJC has been found. The theoretical framework of reintegrative shaming stated that a community that offer reintegration is essential for successful crime prevention. Aim: To measure the level of RJC support held by a Swedish community sample in regard of different offender and offence characteristics. Method: Participants were recruited at a Swedish authority located in nine different cities (n = 192) and surveyed using an online questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on two scales measuring benefits of restorative justice and support for participation in restorative justice derived from a previous study. Results: The respondents had an overall positive attitude toward RJC. No respondent demographic was associated with the total level of restorative justice support although differences were found when using age and gender as independent variables. Respondents were more positive of RJC for juvenile offenders and non-violent crime. Discussion: A discussion regarding the public support for RJC in relation to offender recidivism is provided established on reintegrative shaming and previous empirical evidence. Concluding arguments for RJC to be extended in a wider context in the Swedish penalty system are presented.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 66 p.
public opinion, restorative justice conferences, mediation, reintegrative shaming, recidivism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-28682DiVA: diva2:957770
Subject / course
Criminology Programme SKRIG 180 higher education credits
Åkerberg, Mattias, Universitetsadjunkt
Silva, Teresa, Universitetslektor