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Extractivism and the de jure and de facto ethno-territorial rights in Latin America: How important are the constitutions?: Extractivismo y derechos étnico-territoriales de jure y de facto en Latinoamérica: ¿Cuán importantes son las constituciones?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
University of Helsinki.
2016 (Spanish)In: Observatorio del Desarrollo, ISSN 2393-6916, no 23, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A growing number of Latin American rural groups have attained extended ethno-territorial rights, and sizeable territories were safeguarded by progressive constitutions. This trend was the product of extended cycles of protest at local, national and transnational levels; social movements struggle, with broader collective South-South collaboration. Nonetheless, the continent simultaneously experienced a resource extraction boom. Commonly, the extractivism takes place in protected areas and/or indigenous territories. Accordingly, economic interests clash with the safeguarding and recognition of constitutional rights. Through the analysis of selected illustrative cases across Latin America, this study analyses the (de jure) rights on paper versus the (de facto) rights in practice. 

Abstract [es]

Un número creciente de poblaciones étnicamente definidas de diferentes partes de Latinoamérica han alcanzado reconocimiento de sus derechos étnico-territoriales rurales, y en algunos casos bajo constituciones progresistas. El nuevo constitucionalismo latinoamericano fue el resultado de ciclos extendidos de política contenciosa y de la lucha de movimientos sociales a nivel local, nacional y transnacional. Estos ciclos de protesta incluyen procesos de creación de redes y cooperación Sur-Sur. Simultáneamente el continente ha experimentado un boom en las actividades extractivistas, que con frecuencia tiene lugar en áreas protegidas y/o territorios indígenas. Por ende, fuertes intereses económicos colisionan con el reconocimiento y la protección de los derechos constitucionales de los pueblos afectados. En este ensayo se analizan varios casos ilustrativos en diferentes sitios en Latinoamérica y se contrastan los derechos étnico-territoriales formales/legales (de jure) con el desarrollo de los mismos derechos (de facto) en la práctica. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Montevideo: Observatorio del Desarrollo, CLAES/Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social , 2016. no 23, 1-22 p.
Keyword [en]
Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, constitutions, ethnic rights, extractivism, indigenous peoples, land conflicts, land rights, transnational networks.
Keyword [es]
Bolivia, Brasil, Ecuador, constituciones, conflictos territoriales, derechos étnicos, derechos territoriales, extractivismo, pueblos indígenas, redes transnacionales.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology; Political Science; Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133132OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133132DiVA: diva2:957301
Projects
Rights of Nature - Nature of Rights. Neo-Constitutionalism and Ethno-Ecologist Resistance in Bolivia and Ecuador, supported by FORMAS 2013-2016
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-1828
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-09-01 Last updated: 2016-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Lalander Kroger2016 Observatorio del DesarrolloDemocracia Sur

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