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Increased Plasma Levels of Heparin-Binding Protein on Admission to Intensive Care Are Associated with Respiratory and Circulatory Failure
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Östersund Hospital, Östersund, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology. Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 3, e0152035Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Purpose Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is released by granulocytes and has been shown to increase vascular permeability in experimental investigations. Increased vascular permeability in the lungs can lead to fluid accumulation in alveoli and respiratory failure. A generalized increase in vascular permeability leads to loss of circulating blood volume and circulatory failure. We hypothesized that plasma concentrations of HBP on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) would be associated with decreased oxygenation or circulatory failure. Methods This is a prospective, observational study in a mixed 8-bed ICU. We investigated concentrations of HBP in plasma at admission to the ICU from 278 patients. Simplified acute physiology score (SAPS) 3 was recorded on admission. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were recorded daily for three days. Results Median SAPS 3 was 58.8 (48-70) and 30-day mortality 64/278 (23%). There was an association between high plasma concentrations of HBP on admission with decreased oxygenation (p<0.001) as well as with circulatory failure (p<0.001), after 48-72 hours in the ICU. There was an association between concentrations of HBP on admission and 30-day mortality (p = 0.002). ROC curves showed areas under the curve of 0,62 for decreased oxygenation, 0,65 for circulatory failure and 0,64 for mortality. Conclusions A high concentration of HBP in plasma on admission to the ICU is associated with respiratory and circulatory failure later during the ICU care period. It is also associated with increased 30-day mortality. Despite being an interesting biomarker for the composite ICU population it's predictive value at the individual patient level is low.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 3, e0152035
Keyword [en]
Biomarkers, Blood Proteins, Organ Dysfunction Scores
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-120365DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152035ISI: 000372701200089PubMedID: 27007333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-120365DiVA: diva2:956210
Available from: 2016-05-16 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Tyden, JonasJohansson, Joakim

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