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Jämförelse mellan vattenburet och luftburet kylsystem i kontorslokaler: Med hänsyn till energibehov och komfort
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Comparison of water-borne - and airborne climate systems in offices : In view of energy and comfort (English)
Abstract [en]

The work has been carried out in cooperation with Swegon AB, the market leader for ventilation and indoor climate business. For work have their own programs ESBO be used to simulate and on the way to compare different systems.

 

The annual energy use in the world is constantly increasing. This leads to our already highly stressful climate will be affected even more. Therefore it is of great importance to work on energy issues and to try to find ways to reduce energy consumption, and thus work towards a sustainable society from an environmental perspective.

 

The indoor climate is an important parameter for the well-being, and if the indoor climate does not meet the requirements it can lead to poorer performance and lack of concentration for the people staying in the room. The energy that is used to reach this arbitrary indoor climate is increasing rapidly in the world and therefore is the efficiency of comfort climate systems desirable.

 

The aim of this study is to, by using simulations; compare a waterborne and airborne climate system in terms of energy and comfort.

 

The object of the study is to compare a water-borne and airborne cooling system, and then to compare the energy use and comfort of these systems. This will be done by simulations with different sized internal heat loads and different levels of carbon dioxide. Finally, a comparison shall be entered where the different systems solutions placed in four different climate zones to provide knowledge about which system works best in which zone.

 

The simulations have been performed in the program ESBO, which with given conditions calculates the need for cooling, heating and energy for pumps and fans in a room.

 

An office building has been created in ESBO with dimensions of 4 x 2.5 x 2.6 (length, width and height). The office has a window facing south. The office is assumed to be a part of a building, this leads to that no heat exchange takes place indoors. The internal heat in the room consists of lighting, appliances, personal warmth, but also solar radiation. Schedules have been used for lighting, appliances and personal warmth.

It was built four different systems then compared. These were two airborne system, a CAV system that cools with constant ventilation flow. A VAV system that cools with a variable ventilation flow. It was also built up a waterborne system, which cools the room by using a chilled beam. A combined system was also built up where the air is cooled by both chilled beam and ventilation.

 

The result shows that different systems will be preferred in different cases. The combined system will be preferred at low internal heat loads. The chilled beam system will keep the best comfort, but in the meantime it is the system that will require the greatest amount of energy in all the simulations. CAV systems can´t cope with the requirements of the temperature in the simulations. VAV systems are to be preferred at high internal heat loads.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 35 p.
Keyword [sv]
Kyla, Vattenburen, Luftburen, Simuleringar
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45449OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-45449DiVA: diva2:955910
External cooperation
Swegon AB
Subject / course
Environmental and Energy Systems
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Enviromental and Energy Engineering, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-26 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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