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Korrelation mellan sprinttid och vertikal hopphöjd hos ryttare
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

It has been shown that horse riding is a comprehensive exercise in which many of the body's muscle groups are activated. Horse riding can improve your coordination, strength, flexibility, balance, conditioning, posture and perception. The relationship between jump and sprint in explosive sports such as football, basketball and handball is well-studied. However, few studies have examined this relationship in sports where no explosively training is involved, such as horseback riding. 

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the sprint capacity of 5 and 20 meters and jump height in a countermovement jump and squat jump of riders. 

In this study, 15 riders were analyzed and volunteered as test subjects, performed a predicted maximal 5 and 20-m sprints, vertical jump height by squat jumps (SJ), and countermovement jumps (CMJ). To analyze the relationship between SJ, CMJ, and 5 and 20 m sprinted, Spermans correlations of coefficient was used. Acorrelation between 0.3-0.49 was considered as moderate, all that is over this is a strong correlations and everything below is weak. 

All jump was shown a strong negative linear correlation with sprint time of 5 to 20 m, SJ at 5 m rs = -0.69 , SJ at 20 m rs = -0.74 . The jump CMJ showed follow result at 5 m rs = -0.56 , CMJ at 20 m rs= -0.51 . The result of the strong negative linear correlation demonstrates that the higher the vertical jump height the rider has, the stronger is the relationship with sprint speed. 

Vertical jump height and the correlation between vertical jump height and sprint at riders seem to be comparable to the correlation seen in athletes who exercise more explosive sports.

 

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Det har visat sig att ridning är en allsidig träning där många av kroppens muskelgrupper aktiveras. Ridning ger förbättrad koordination, styrka, rörlighet, balans, kondition, hållning samt perception. Sambandet mellan hopp och sprint i explosiva idrotter såsom fotboll, basket, handboll är välstuderat, men få studier har studerat detta samband i idrotter som inte tränar explosivt, såsom ridning.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka sambandet mellan sprintförmågan på 5 och 20 meter samt hopphöjden i ett countermovement jump (CMJ) och squat jump (SJ) hos ryttare.

I studien deltog och analyserades 15 kvinnliga ryttare i vertikal hopphöjd genom SJ och CMJ samt 5 och 20 meter sprint. För att studera sambandet mellan SJ, CMJ samt 5 och 20 m sprinttid användes Spermans korrelations kofficient (rs). En korrelation mellan 0.3-0.49 räknas som moderat, allt som är över räknas som starka korrelationer samt allt under 0,3 räknas som svaga.

Vid samtliga hopp visades en stark negativ linjär korrelation med sprinttiden 5 och 20 m, följande resultat visades för SJ vid 5 m rs= -0,69 och SJ vid 20 m rs= -0,74. Vid hoppet CMJ visades följande resultat på 5 m rs= -0,56, CMJ vid 20 m rs=-0.51. Resultatet av den starka negativa linjära korrelationen påvisar att ju högre vertikal hopphöj ryttaren har desto starkare samband finns med sprinthastigheten.

Vertikal hopphöjd och korrelationen mellan vertikal hopphöjd och sprint hos ryttare verkar vara jämförbar med den korrelation som ses hos idrottare som utövar mer explosiva sporter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Vertical jump, sprint, riders
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31856OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31856DiVA: diva2:955373
Subject / course
Biomedicine Targeting Physical Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-25 Last updated: 2016-08-31Bibliographically approved

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