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Bygg gärna, men inte här!: Ledtider och kostnader i Detaljplaneprocessen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics, Byggteknik.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A cost and time analysis in the detailed planning process. (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the Swedish detailed planning process from a time and money perspective, and also points out the deficiencies of the process. The detailed planning process currently receives much criticism from both the society and the industry. It is usually considered as a brake in the production of new housing in Sweden.

A few of the municipalities’ administration time in the planning process in Stockholm was compared and analyzed and it was concluded that the average process takes between 30-60 months. However if a zoning plan is appealed the process extends usually between 4 to 12 months. In Stockholm County, a fourth of all the zoning plans are appealed, but only 1.3% of these leads to repealing of the plan. This number questions to some extent the democracy in today’s society, how many of the citizens’ complaints are actually accepted since that number also include complaints from authorities like the county administrative board.

To obtain an understanding of the developer’s cost of the planning process a couple of housing projects in the municipality of Stockholm and Solna were examined. The investigation revealed that the cost may vary anywhere between 650,000 up to 6.5 million SEK. The cost of the zoning plan proved to be highly correlated with the time spent.

The recommendation from our side is to increase the exchange of information between all parties, including the party concerned, leading to benefits of the process as a whole. Less public opposition leads to a smoother process, while increasing the cooperation between the municipality and the developer do as well.

Abstract [sv]

Detta examensarbete undersöker detaljplaneprocessen utifrån ett tids- och kostnadsperspektiv och belyser även processens brister. Detaljplaneprocessen får idag mycket kritik från olika håll och målas upp som en bromskloss i produktionen av nya bostäder i Sverige.

Vissa kommuners hanteringstid för detaljplaneprocessen i Stockholms län visade på att den genomsnittliga processen tar mellan 30-60 månader. Överklagas en detaljplan förlängs processen vanligtvis med 4 till 12 månader. I Stockholms län överklagas en fjärdedel av alla detaljplaner, men endast 1,3 % av dessa leder till att detaljplanen upphävs. Utöver det låga antalet som vinner bifall, ifrågasätter siffrorna också i viss mån demokratin i dagens samhälle, hur många av medborgarnas klagomål får bifall, jämtemot hur antalet av myndigheter, såsom Länsstyrelsens klagomål.

För att få ett grepp om byggherrens kostnad undersöktes ett par flerbostadsprojekt i Stockholms kommun, med ett par i Solna. Undersökningen visade på att kostnaden kan skilja allt mellan 650 000 upp till 6 500 000 SEK. Kostnaden för detaljplaneprocessen visar sig ha stark korrelation med tiden.

Rekommendationerna från vårt håll landar i att ett ökat informationsutbyte mellan alla parter, inklusive sakägare, gagnar processen som helhet. Färre klagomål från allmänheten leder till en smidigare process för både byggherrar och kommunen, samtidigt som ett ökat samarbete också bidrar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 43 p.
Keyword [sv]
Samhällsplanering, detaljplaneprocessen, planprocessen, överklagade detaljplaner, ledtider, plankostnader
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Construction Management Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301490ISRN: UTH-INGUTB-EX-B-2016/28-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-301490DiVA: diva2:954685
External cooperation
Norconsult AB
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Construction Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-25 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2016-08-25Bibliographically approved

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