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Morphological Differences of Elite Bosnian Basketball Players According to Team Position
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9554-1234
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla.
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla.
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Morphology, ISSN 0717-9367, E-ISSN 0717-9502, Vol. 32, no 2, 690-694 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was the estimation of anthropometric characteristics of elite male basketball players from four Bosnian first league teams, as well as the identification of possible differences between players who play in different positions in the teams. Fifty-five, healthy players (age: 19.09±3.13 years; body height: 189.13±8.30 cm; body mass: 83.42±12.48 kg) were divided into three different subsamples according to their positional role (twenty two guards, nineteen forwards and fourteen centers). Twenty morphological variables were measured and afterwards one (BMI) was calculated. For all anthropometric characteristics, descriptive parameters (mean, standard deviation and range) were calculated. In order to determine the possible differences between the players that play in different positions in the teams the analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferoni post-hoc test for multiple comparisons was used. The results obtained show that there are significant differences between the different groups of players in sixteen out of twenty-one measured variables. Centers (big players) are dominantly heavier, taller, with longer and wider skeletons dimensionality as well as with bigger body circumferences compared to forwards and guards. Forwards are significantly heavier and taller with longer leg and arm lengths compared to guards. There are no significant differences between the groups in terms of body fat percentage, fat free percentage, body mass index and biepicondylar breadth of the femur and humerus. Generally, the values of the measured variables rise from guards to centers, except for body fat percentage and skinfolds. The obtained information can help coaches to indirectly evaluate fitness levels of the players and to design training and nutritional programs for basketball players.

Abstract [es]

El objetivo fue estimar las características antropométricas de los jugadores de baloncesto de elite en cuatro equipos bosnios de primera liga. Además, fueron identificadas las posibles diferencias entre los jugadores que ocupan distintas posiciones en los equipos. Fueron evaluados 55 jugadores sanos (edad: 19,09±3,13 años; altura del cuerpo: 189,13±8,30 cm; masa corporal: 83,42±12,48 kg) se dividieron en tres submuestras diferentes de acuerdo a su rol posicional (22 guardias, 19 aleros y 14 centros). Se midieron 20 variables morfológicas y luego se calculó el IMC y otros parámetros descriptivos (media, desviación estándar y rango) para todas las características antropométricas. Para determinar las posibles diferencias entre los jugadores que juegan en distintas posiciones se utilizó el análisis de varianza (ANOVA) con la prueba post-hoc de Bonferoni de comparaciones múltiples. Existen diferencias significativas en dieciséis de las veintiuna variables medidas entre los diversos grupos de jugadores. Los jugadores de centro son predominantemente más pesados y más altos, con una dimensión de esqueleto más amplia, como también una circunferencia corporal mayor, en comparación con jugadores en posiciones forwards y guardias. Los delanteros son significativamente más pesados y más altos con un largo mayor de piernas y brazos en comparación con los guardias. No existen diferencias significativas entre los grupos en términos de porcentaje de grasa corporal, porcentaje de grasa, IMC y la amplitud bicondilea del fémur y húmero. Con excepción del porcentaje de grasa corporal y pliegues cutáneos, los valores de las variables medidas aumentan desde los jugadores guardias a los jugadores de centro.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 32, no 2, 690-694 p.
Keyword [en]
Body composition; Anthropometrics; Positional role; Fat percentage
Keyword [es]
Composición corporal; Antropometría; Rol posicional; Porcentaje de grasa
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28566DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022014000200051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-28566DiVA: diva2:954133
Available from: 2016-08-20 Created: 2016-08-20 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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