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The biogas potential from municipal waste and agricultural residues in Hazaribagh, Dhaka city, Bangladesh: - a possible strategy to improve the energy system
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Energy is considered as the foremost significant factor towards socio-economic growth. Due to the rapid growth of industrialization in Bangladesh, the need of energy is increasing day by day. Considering the environmental issues, sustainable solutions are needed to address the energy crisis. Energy generation from waste through biogas can be a good solution that can address both the energy demand as well as the waste management issue.   

The overall aim of this master thesis is to analyze Hazaribagh’s biogas potential from municipal waste and agricultural residues and estimate how much electricity that can be generated from the produced biogas. The feasible sources of Hazaribagh were considered in order to get the information that would be later on analyzed to estimate possible biogas production. The potential sources include wastes from two markets, six slaughterhouses, domestic wastes, three large-scale tanneries and two small scale tanneries, one poultry farm and three crop lands.

The calculations made in this thesis to roughly estimate the amount of biogas and electricity from the described sources are done in a simple way, just to illustrate the potential. The result shows that the tannery waste has the highest potential followed by slaughterhouse waste. Furthermore, the calculations show that the tannery waste contributes most for electricity generation also followed by slaughterhouse waste. In order to implement biogas solutions, several actors should be involved like government, future owners, local people etc. Different tools like legislation, financial support etc. are also important for implementing the biogas solutions.  

In summary, there is a good potentiality of biogas production and electricity generation from municipal wastes and agricultural residues of Hazaribagh. Biogas solutions from waste and agricultural residues can be beneficial from both the energy and the waste management perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
energy, biogas, environment, municipal waste, agricultural residue, electricity, substrate, raw materials, Bangladesh
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130692ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--16/02470--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130692DiVA: diva2:954076
Subject / course
Master’s Program in Energy and Environmental Engineering
Presentation
2016-06-08, 17:33 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-19 Last updated: 2016-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Hasan, A S M Monjurul
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Environmental Technology and Management
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