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Arbetsmotivation och hälsa i olika kontorsmiljöer: Skiljer sig upplevelsen beroende på kontorsmiljö och kön?
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine if there were any differences regarding work motivation, mental and general health among employees depending on the office environment they were working in and based on their gender. The study was conducted by an organization that works with economic issues, which 141 officials participated by answering a questionnaire. The measuring instruments that were used were BNS (Basic Need Satisfaction at work scale), GHQ (General Health Questionnaire) and one question regarding general health. Motivation was measured through the subcategories autonomy, competence and relatedness. The result of the study showed that there were no differences regarding physical and general health depending on the office environment and gender. The result of the present study also showed that employees who worked in their own offices estimated autonomy and competence higher than employees who worked in open plan offices. A slight tendency of difference was shown regarding relatedness and office environment. No significant difference was shown regarding gender and office environment. The shown result are believed to depend on that employees who works in their own offices has better concentration opportunities and there for experience a higher level of autonomy, competence and relatedness.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvantitativa studie var att undersöka om det förelåg några skillnader i arbetsmotivation, psykisk samt generell hälsa bland anställda beroende på den kontorsmiljö de arbetar i och vilket kön de tillhör. Studien genomfördes vid en organisation som arbetar med ekonomiska frågor där 141 tjänstemän deltog genom att besvara en enkät. Mätinstrumenten som användes var BNS (Basic Need Satisfaction at workscale), GHQ (General Health Questionnaire), samt en fråga gällande generell hälsa. Motivation mättes genom underkategorierna autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet. Resultatet visade att det inte förelåg några skillnader i psykisk och generell hälsa beroende på kontorsmiljö och kön. Vidare visade resultatet skillnader i arbetsmotivation, där anställda som arbetade i egna kontor skattade autonomi och kompetens högre än de som arbetade i öppna kontorslandskap. Resultatet gällande samhörighet visade en svag tendens på skillnad i samma riktning som för de övriga motivationsfaktorerna. Ytterligare visades ingen skillnad mellan män och kvinnor och inte heller någon interaktion mellan kön och kontorsmiljö avseende arbetsmotivation. Det visade resultatet kan bero på att de anställda i egna kontor har bättre koncentrationsmöjligheter och därmed upplever en högre grad av autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 15 p.
National Category
Psychology Work Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22219OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22219DiVA: diva2:952525
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human resources and labour relations
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-14 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved

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