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Har du valt rätt utbildning?: En studie om sambandet mellan personlighet och utbildningsval
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Have you chosen the right academic major? : A study on the relationship between personality and the choice of academic major (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning kring personlighet och utbildningsval har bedrivits i flertalet länder, men inte i Sverige så vitt vi vet. Vårt syfte med den föreliggande studien var att åtgärda denna kunskapslucka inom svensk akademi. Ytterligare ett syfte var att undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan studenternas personlighet och hur svår de upplever sin utbildning. Följande frågeställningar formulerades: 1) Skiljer sig personlighet mellan olika akademiska utbildningsgrupper? 2) Finns det samband mellan personlighet och hur svår studenten upplever utbildningen? Deltagarna var studenter och före detta studenter vid svenska högskolor och universitet. Det totala antalet svarande i studien var 114 personer (56% kvinnor). Enkäten som användes bestod av två personlighetstest: IPIP-120 (International Personality Item Pool) (chronbachs alpha α mellan .87 till .90) som mäter personlighet enligt femfaktormodellen samt PID-5 (The Personality Inventory for DSM-5) (chronbachs alpha α mellan .76 till .89). Insamlade data analyserade i SPSS med hjälp av de statistiska verktygen envägs-anova, oberoende t-test, Pearsons korrelation (r) samt regressionsanalys. Resultaten visade att 1) det personlighetsdrag som urskilde sig mest var openness. Den största skillnaden noterades mellan studenter inom personal och beteendevetenskap samt data och IT där beteendevetare hade högre medelvärde av openness fasetter intellect och emotionality. 2) Resultatet visade att personlighetsdraget neuroticism bäst predicerade studentens upplevda svårighet och att sambandet var positivt. Det resultat föreliggande studie visat menar vi skulle kunna vara till nytta vid förbättring och utveckling av framtida akademiska utbildningar.

Abstract [en]

Research on the relationship between personality and academic majors has been conducted in some countries, but not in Sweden to the extent of our knowledge. Our aim with this study is therefore to cover this knowledge gap in Swedish academy. Another purpose was to explore if there was a relationship between a students' personality traits and how difficult they found their education. The following questions were formulated: 1) Does personality differ between groups in various academic majors? 2) Is there a connection between a student's personality and the perceived difficulty? The participants were students and former students at Swedish universities. The total number of participants was 114 (56% women). The survey used consisted of two personality-tests: IPIP-120 (International Personality Item Pool) (chronbachs alpha α ranged from .87 to .90) that measures personality according the Big-five theory, and PID-5 (The Personality Inventory for DSM-5) (chronbachs alpha α ranged from .76 to .89). The collected data was analyzed with SPSS and the statistical tools: One-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearsons correlation (r) and regression analysis. Our results showed that, 1) the personality dimension that differentiated the most were openness, this between behavioral science students and computer science students, where the behavioral science students had the highest openness scores. 2) The result also demonstrated that the trait neuroticism was the best predictor of how difficult the students experienced their education. The results of this study could be very useful in the development and improvement of future universities and educations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
The Big Five, personality, academic major, difficulty level
Keyword [sv]
Femfaktormodellen (Big five), personlighet, utbildningsval, upplevd svårighet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9675Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9675DiVA: diva2:951758
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved

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